What tests do gynecological exams do?

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Gynecological examination is a very important medical examination list for women, helping women protect their own reproductive health. However, many women still do not understand the process and how to participate in this examination process. So what tests should be done when going to the gynecologist?

1. What is a gynecological examination?

Gynecological examination is a list of medical examinations exclusively for women, in which the doctor will examine the female genital and reproductive organs including: Vagina, perineum, uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes,. .. help women feel more secure about their health.
Gynecological examination also helps women have more knowledge about reproductive health, and at the same time take measures to avoid dangerous gynecological diseases, sexually transmitted diseases or prevent pregnancy safely.
Khám phụ khoa giúp kiểm tra sức khỏe sinh sản cho nữ giới

2. What does the gynecological examination include?

As mentioned, the gynecological examination is a general examination of all parts of the female reproductive organs, including the following steps:
General examination: Extracting information about height, weight, status marriage, menstrual cycle and medical history as a common basis for diagnosis Genitourinary examination: Includes examination of inguinal folds, labia majora, labia minora, pubic area, perineum,... in examination process, if in doubt, additional tests such as vaginal discharge, blood tests, and urine tests can be done. Speculum examination: A lubricated instrument will be inserted into the vagina and uterus to Observe more clearly abnormalities in the genital organs, uterus if any Rectal examination: The doctor will use one or two gloved and lubricated fingers to insert into the rectum to check the muscles between the vagina and the vagina. anus, check for tumors.
Khám trực tràng nằm trong gói xét nghiệm khám phụ khoa

3. What tests do gynecological exams do?

When having a gynecological examination, women will be able to undergo 2 main examination contents: "examination" and "ultrasound, testing". So some tests that need to be done in phase 2 include:
Vaginal ultrasound: Helps to look at the situation of the uterus, ovaries and other genital organs Ultrasound of the breast: Early detection of breast cancer as well as breast cancer. Pap smear test: A gynecological test for women 21-65 years old that helps detect problems in the uterus, especially allowing doctors to make an early diagnosis of cancer Cervical cancer in patients HPV test : Tests for HPV virus that causes cervical cancer and genital warts CA-125 test : is a test to check protein levels in the blood, thereby making a diagnosis See if cancer has developed in the ovary or not Hormone test: Helps check the amount of important hormones in the body such as progesterone, estradiol, from which there is a basis to conclude a woman's fertility and menstrual problems female
Xét nghiệm Pap smear giúp đánh giá các bệnh lý ở tử cung

4. When should I go to a gynecologist?

The most suitable time to visit a gynecologist for the first time is from about 13-15 years old, then the examination will take place periodically to control health in the best way. If you miss the first time and do not have a regular gynecological examination, at least attend a gynecological examination at the following times:
Before marriage Before planning to become pregnant The body has abnormal symptoms such as: menstrual disorders, abnormal vaginal bleeding, pelvic or abdominal pain, burning sensation in the vagina, pain or problems after sex. Basic gynecological examination and screening package at Vinmec International General Hospital for customers with abnormal symptoms such as: Abnormal vaginal bleeding; Menstrual problems; Abnormal vaginal discharge (with a bad smell, a different color than usual); Vaginal pain, itching.... Female client has several risk factors such as poor personal hygiene, unsafe sex, abortion, etc. Female client has other symptoms of infection ...
When registering for the basic gynecological examination and screening package at Vinmec, you can perform ultrasound and examination techniques for early detection of inflammatory diseases for easy treatment. costly; Screening for early detection of gynecological cancer.

Please dial HOTLINE for more information or register for an appointment HERE. Download MyVinmec app to make appointments faster and to manage your bookings easily.

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