Cardiovascular disease: Modifiable risk factors

The article was professionally consulted by Doctor Tran Quoc Tuan - Emergency Resuscitation Doctor - Emergency Resuscitation Department - Vinmec Phu Quoc International General Hospital

Cardiovascular disease risk factors are factors that increase the likelihood of cardiovascular disease. If a person has multiple risk factors, the likelihood of cardiovascular disease increases. Besides cardiovascular risk factors that cannot be changed such as age, sex, and genetics, there are some risk factors for cardiovascular disease that you can completely control and adjust.

1. Hypertension

Normal blood pressure is less than 140/90 mmHg, if blood pressure is higher than 140/90 mmHg it is called hypertension. High blood pressure is the most common risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Hypertension is considered a silent killer because it often progresses silently, without symptoms for a long time. When high blood pressure has caused obvious symptoms, often serious complications such as arterial damage, blockage of blood vessels, heart damage such as arrhythmia, heart failure, sudden death, etc. cerebral ischemia, stroke, kidney failure, vision loss,...
High blood pressure is often accompanied by other risk factors such as overweight, obesity, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, exacerbating the symptoms. complications of cardiovascular disease.
Early detection of hypertension, combination of drug treatment and lifestyle adjustments such as weight loss, salt-reduced diet, physical exercise,... to control blood pressure well, thereby reducing risk cardiovascular complications.

2. Hypercholesterolemia and related dyslipidemia

Total blood cholesterol consists of many different components, the most important of which are high-molecular-weight cholesterol HDL-Cholesterol and low-molecular-weight cholesterol LDL-Cholesterol. Hypercholesterolemia is a disorder of blood cholesterol, in which the level of LDL-cholesterol in the blood increases, accumulating lipids in the blood vessels, causing atherosclerotic plaques, and the content of HDL-cholesterol, good cholesterol is a factor that protects the blood vessels. protection is lowered. In addition, hypertriglyceridemia is also a dyslipidemia that increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
Increased blood lipid levels, including increased cholesterol and triglycerides, can be the cause of many dangerous cardiovascular diseases such as coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction, hypertension, atherosclerosis, stroke, and stroke. cerebrovascular,...
Blood lipid content is a modifiable factor, it is recommended to perform blood lipid tests periodically, especially after the age of 40. Follow a reasonable diet, Regular exercise, using lipid-lowering drugs if prescribed by your doctor will help prevent cardiovascular events.

3. Smoking

Ung thư thực quản do hút thuốc lá
Hút thuốc lá là một yếu tố làm tăng nguy cơ mắc các bệnh tim mạch

Studies have shown that smoking is a factor that increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases such as coronary artery disease, peripheral vascular disease, stroke,... When inhaling secondhand smoke from other people Smoking (passive smoking) is also a similar risk factor for cardiovascular disease.
Don't smoke if you haven't already and quitting is an effective way to reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases.

4. Diabetes and insulin resistance

Diabetes causes many dangerous cardiovascular complications such as coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction, stroke, damage to blood vessels in the kidneys, eyes, etc. Even with a slight increase in blood sugar, The risk of cardiovascular disease was higher than normal. People with type 2 diabetes often have high blood insulin levels and are often accompanied by insulin resistance, which increases the risk of hypertension, dyslipidemia, atherosclerosis,...
Article Adjust in the process of eating, losing weight, exercising to limit the risk of diabetes. If you have the disease, treatment to control your blood sugar will reduce your risk of cardiovascular disease.

5. Sedentary lifestyle, lazy to exercise

A sedentary lifestyle, sitting a lot, being inactive is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Studies have proven that regular daily physical activity will increase sugar tolerance, increase HDL-cholesterol, lower blood pressure and reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases such as myocardial infarction. , coronary heart disease,...
Should exercise for at least 30 minutes, daily, intense enough (warmth, sweat, rapid breathing) to bring the best effect.

6. Drinking alcohol

Như thế nào được gọi là uống nhiều rượu?
Uống quá nhiều rượu có thể làm tổn thương gan và tăng huyết áp

Drinking too much alcohol can cause liver damage, nerve damage, high blood pressure and many other serious cardiovascular disorders. Recommendations that drinking a small amount of alcohol (no more than 60ml of wine, 30ml of heavy wine, 300ml of beer) daily without cardiovascular risk are not supported by sufficient evidence, so it should be minimized or not recommended. drinking alcohol to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading health risk in the world because of their high risk of death and disability. The danger is that the disease is showing signs of getting younger, the disease can appear at any age. Regular cardiovascular examination to detect early signs of disease is extremely necessary to prevent dangerous complications of cardiovascular diseases.
Cardiovascular Center is one of the leading spearhead centers of Vinmec Times City International Hospital, the team of experts of the Cardiology Center includes Professors, PhDs, Specialist 2, Master doctors. He is an experienced doctor with great reputation in the field of medical treatment, surgery, interventional cardiac catheterization and application of advanced techniques in the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases.
In particular, the Center has modern equipment, on par with the most prestigious hospitals in the world. In addition, the center has a comprehensive cooperation program with Cardiology Institute - Bach Mai Hospital, Cardiology Department of Hanoi Medical University, Paris Decartes University - Georges Pompidou Hospital (France), University of Pennsylvania (USA) period),...

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The article references the source: Vietnam Cardiology Association

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