Is peritonitis dangerous?
Peritonitis requires immediate medical attention to combat the infection and, if necessary, to treat any underlying medical conditions causing the peritonitis. Treatment for peritonitis usually includes antibiotics and in some cases surgery. If left untreated, peritonitis can lead to serious illness, a potentially life-threatening systemic infection.
2. Causes of peritonitis
Common causes of organ perforation include:
Medical procedures, eg peritoneal dialysis. Peritoneal dialysis uses a tube to remove waste products from the blood when your kidneys are no longer able to do their job properly. Infection can occur during peritoneal dialysis because the area around the tube is not clean, hygiene is poor, or medical equipment is contaminated. Peritonitis can also be a complication of gastrointestinal surgery, the use of feeding tubes, procedures to drain abdominal fluid (lumbar puncture), or, rarely, a complication of colonoscopy. or endoscopy. Perforated appendix, gastric ulcer or colon perforation. Any of these conditions can cause bacteria to enter the peritoneal cavity through a hole in the digestive tract. Pancreatitis . Inflammation of the pancreas complicated by an infection can lead to peritonitis if bacteria spreads outside the pancreas. Gastrointestinal diverticulitis. Infection of the small bulging sacs in the digestive tract (diverticulitis) can cause peritonitis if one of the pouches ruptures, allowing digestive wastes to spill into the abdominal cavity. Injury or injury can cause peritonitis because it allows bacteria or chemicals from other parts of the body to enter the peritoneal cavity. Primary peritonitis often occurs as a result of complications of liver disease, such as cirrhosis. Advanced cirrhosis produces a large amount of fluid inside the abdominal cavity (ascites). This accumulation of fluid is favorable for bacterial infection.
3. Why is peritonitis dangerous?
Severe disease is also due to the ease of spreading throughout the abdomen by peristalsis (colic contractions push the dirt into the abdomen). Therefore, when suspected of having peritonitis, it is necessary to diagnose early, treat correctly and promptly to limit mortality to the maximum extent.
Abdominal pain, peritoneal tenderness; Abdominal distention or so to speak is a feeling of distension of the abdomen; Fever; Nausea and vomiting; Anorexia; Diarrhea; Decreased urine output; Thirsty; Constipation or defecation;
Fever Nausea and vomiting Decreased urine output Thirst Passing or defecation If sick If you are on peritoneal dialysis, tell your doctor right away if the filtrate is cloudy or has white spots, fibers or nodules (fibrin) or it has an unusual odor, especially if the area around the tube is red or painful. .
5. Risk factors
Peritoneal dialysis. Peritonitis is common in people undergoing peritoneal dialysis. Other diseases. The following conditions may increase the risk of peritonitis: Cirrhosis, appendicitis, Crohn's disease, peptic ulcer, diverticulitis, and pancreatitis. History of peritonitis. If you've had peritonitis in the past, you're more likely to get it again than someone who hasn't.
Bacteremia (bacteria that enter the bloodstream); Sepsis (Sepsis). Sepsis progresses rapidly, becoming life-threatening with shock and organ failure. Peritonitis is a very serious surgical disease with a high mortality rate. Because peritonitis is the final process of intra-abdominal infection, when there are abnormal manifestations, it is necessary to go to a medical facility to be examined and have the earliest treatment.
Vinmec International General Hospital is one of the hospitals that not only ensures professional quality with a team of doctors, modern equipment and technology, but also stands out for its examination, consulting and service services. comprehensive and professional medical treatment; civilized, polite, safe and sterile medical examination and treatment space.
Để đặt lịch khám tại viện, Quý khách vui lòng bấm số HOTLINE hoặc đặt lịch trực tiếp TẠI ĐÂY. Tải và đặt lịch khám tự động trên ứng dụng MyVinmec để quản lý, theo dõi lịch và đặt hẹn mọi lúc mọi nơi ngay trên ứng dụng.