Bone marrow aspiration in what cases?
1. Related concepts
2. Bone marrow puncture for what?
Performing a biopsy and aspiration of the bone marrow under anesthesia are tests that help the doctor check that the bone marrow is healthy, producing a sufficient number of normal blood cells. These two procedures are often done at the same time to help your doctor diagnose and monitor blood and marrow problems.
The doctor may order the patient to perform a biopsy and aspiration of the bone marrow to:
Find the cause of blood cell disease, including a type of blood cell that is produced too little or too much, such as a deficiency red blood cells (anemia), white blood cell deficiency (leukopenia) or thrombocytopenia (thrombocytopenia), leukocytosis, thrombocytosis, pancytopenia and polycythemia in the blood Find the cause cause of blood disorders, hemochromatosis, unexplained fever Determine stage or progression of diseases involving bone marrow or blood cells Monitor response to leukemia treatment Confirm timing the progression of lymphoma or cancer: lymphoma, leukemia, and multiple myeloma; metastatic cancer from other areas such as breast cancer with bone marrow metastasis
3. Procedure for performing bone marrow aspiration
Patients are measured blood pressure, weight, body temperature, height. The patient is also asked to lie on his side or on his stomach depending on the location of the extraction. Administer intravenous sedation to the patient; Clean the root canal site, anesthetize it with local anesthetic; Use a needle to aspirate bone marrow fluid If a biopsy is required, a small sample of bone marrow will be removed from the site where the bone marrow was aspirated. The doctor gently presses on the needle puncture site to help stop the bleeding, then bandages the site. Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy usually only lasts about 10 minutes. However, this process can also require more time for preparation and post-procedure care, especially for patients receiving sedation.
At the laboratory, a hematologist or a doctor who specializes in biopsies will evaluate the specimen to determine if the patient's bone marrow is producing an adequate number of healthy blood cells as well as detect abnormal cells. This information will help doctors confirm or rule out a diagnosis, determine how advanced the disease is, and evaluate how well treatment is working.
Bone marrow aspiration procedure plays an important role in the diagnosis and treatment of blood and bone marrow diseases. When performing the procedure, the patient should strictly follow the instructions of the doctor so that the bone marrow aspiration and biopsy process takes place quickly and safely.
Vinmec International General Hospital with outstanding advantages in professional qualifications and skills of doctors and nurses, with a system of modern machinery up to standards, strictly implementing the rules of hygiene and sterilization before , during and after surgery, to help the lumbar puncture procedure take place safely and effectively.
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