Acromegaly: Causes, symptoms and treatment
1. Hypertrophy of the far poles
2. Causes of disease of the far poles
3. Symptoms of acromegaly in the far poles
Abnormal body shape Low forehead Bow large, protruding eyebrows in front Thickened eyelids Protruding cheekbones Lower part of nose is spread out on both sides Wide nostrils Thick lips, especially lower lip Teeth gradually become thinner Tongue and lower jaw enlarge, lower jaw moves forward The skull bone gradually enlarges Hypertrophy of bones in the face, feet, hands, feet, legs thicker than normal Fingers are shaped like big hamstrings Body is usually curved downwards, the evil bill is protruding in front of the chest, although it is narrow transversely, but it is elongated in the anterior direction. posterior The collarbone, shoulder blade, and ribs are larger than those of people without the disease. Endocrine abnormalities Glucose metabolism disorders Genitourinary system dysfunction such as impotence in men and amenorrhea in women Pathological signs of brain tumors Occurrence of constant headaches, especially after 2 Eyes The field of vision is significantly narrowed, the field of vision may be lost in the outer area of the eye or in the temporal region High blood pressure Cardiovascular problems Diabetes mellitus Hypothyroidism Adrenal insufficiency Other symptoms of the disease Large far poles appear in some other organ systems such as:
Hirsutism in female patients Difficulty sleeping Muscle weakness Sweating Occurrence of body odor Skin produces more oil.
4. Treatment of acromegaly of the far poles
Bring the production of GH hormone back to the normal level that the body needs Reduce the pressure of the area around the benign tumor in The pituitary gland Ensures the pituitary gland to function normally If there is a hormone deficiency, it should be corrected immediately to treat the symptoms of acromegaly. Specific treatment for acromegaly includes the following methods: Pituitary tumors to prevent overproduction of the hormone GH is the first method of choice for doctors to treat acromegaly. However, the downside of this method is that it will damage the healthy glands in the body and it is possible that the patient will have to take pituitary hormone replacement for the rest of his life after the surgery. In addition, some undesirable complications may be encountered with a low rate, such as cerebrospinal fluid leakage or meningitis. Medical treatment with some drugs such as Somatostatin, GH receptor blockers, Dopamine antagonists to regulate as well as correct the overproduction of pituitary hormones. This method is often used on patients who cannot be treated with surgery. Radiation therapy is used to treat large tumors or remnants of the tumor that cannot be removed with surgery. When using radiation therapy, patients can reduce GH hormone levels over time when combined with the use of certain drugs. The duration of each course of treatment as above is from 4 to 6 weeks. The disadvantage of this method is that it can affect the patient's fertility or reduce vision, damage the brain or cause the appearance of secondary tumors.
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