Are benign tumors worrisome? Is surgery needed?

When any tumor appears on the body, people are bewildered and worried, although it is not clear whether it is a benign tumor or a malignant tumor. Most benign tumors do not turn malignant. However, under the influence of some agents, benign tumors can turn into malignant tumors.

1. What is a benign tumor?

Noncancerous tumors are benign tumors. These tumors do not invade or spread to surrounding tissues. Benign tumors have a smooth surface with clear tumor boundaries. While malignant tumors often cause metastases, invasion and compression through organs and surrounding structures, benign tumors do not have such characteristics.
Some common benign tumors in the uterus, ovaries, fat, skin... are usually not dangerous and can be controlled. When an abnormal tumor appears on the body, the patient needs to go to the hospital to see an oncologist to be diagnosed as a benign tumor or a malignant tumor. From there, there will be an effective and earliest treatment method.
There are many methods for testing and diagnosing tumors today. However, depending on the condition of the tumor, the doctor will specify which method to use, or combine many methods to give the most accurate results. Typically:
Blood test X-ray Ultrasound Endoscopic MRI CT PET/CT Biopsy
Phương pháp PET/CT giúp chẩn đoán khối u chính xác

2. Are benign tumors dangerous?

If we are not subject to agents such as radiation, environmental factors or rubbing, then we can completely live with benign tumors without worrying about this tumor growing and affecting our health. health, quality of life.
In some cases, benign tumors affect daily life and cause aesthetic problems, so they should also be treated early, such as: uterine fibroids causing menorrhagia, heavy bleeding, etc.
. But there are some people who are subjective, appear a small tumor, think it is a benign tumor, and do not go to the hospital for examination. This is very dangerous, because it can develop into a malignant tumor, invading the surrounding tissues. Therefore, regardless of any tumor on the body's location, it is necessary to consult a doctor. test for diagnosis.
Thai phụ bị u xơ tử cung có cần hạn chế đi lại để giữ thai không
Khối u xơ tử cung gây rong kinh ở phụ nữ

In Vietnam, there have been many cases, only when the cancer was in the final stage, they were brought to the hospital. Then the cancer has metastasized and spread, making it difficult to treat.
Here are some common benign tumors such as:
Lungs: prebronchi, bronchi are a form of benign tumors. Liver: hemangioma, congenital tumor,... Kidney: benign renal tumor, benign renal adenoma Pancreas: insulinoma tumor Gynecological: breast tumor, uterine tumor, ovarian tumor,... Skin surface: neuromas, lipomas, sebaceous gland tumors... The most dangerous are moles due to pigment changes under the skin, but the nature of moles is that melanoma is still benign, but at some point, moles If the mole grows abnormally, such as getting bigger, oozing blood or watering, it could mean that the mole has turned into cancer and needs to be examined by a specialist.
Triệu chứng u gan lành tính
U gan lành tính

3. When to intervene to remove benign tumors

As mentioned above, there are tumors that are benign but affect daily life as well as the patient's health, they also need to be treated early, such as:
Benign tumors on the brain cause compression into the nervous system Uterine fibroids cause compression, abdominal pain or bleeding every cycle To register for examination and treatment at Vinmec International General Hospital, you can contact Vinmec Health System nationwide, or register online HERE
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