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Are X-rays of the uterus and fallopian tubes risky?

Infertility is a gynecological problem that affects a lot in terms of sociology, which is caused by women mainly due to blocked fallopian tubes or infection of the genital tract. With the development of modern imaging methods, X-ray of the uterus and fallopian tubes is still the method of evaluating the uterus and fallopian tubes with the best value for infertility diagnosis. So, are there any risks to examining the uterus and fallopian tubes with X-rays?

1. Definition of X-ray examination of uterus and fallopian tubes

X-ray examination of the uterus and fallopian tubes is an X-ray procedure in which contrast is injected into the uterus through the vagina and cervix. After filling the uterus, the contrast medium will pass through the fallopian tubes and into the woman's abdominal cavity. This will help see if the blockage of the fallopian tubes is present, partial or complete, and also show the size and internal shape of the uterus, which are also influencing factors. to fertility. In addition, a hysterosalpingogram can help your doctor detect uterine lesions, tumors, fibroids, or foreign bodies.

2. When should an X-ray of the uterus and fallopian tubes be taken?

An X-ray of the uterus and fallopian tubes will be taken on the 2nd to 5th day after menstruation or before ovulation to avoid the influence of X-rays if the patient is pregnant. Patients should report untreated infection to their physician to consider prescribing antibiotics before and/or after the procedure. In addition, patients also need to inform about pregnancy status, current drugs and allergies, especially iodine-containing contrast agents. Some indications for performing an X-ray of the uterus and fallopian tubes include:
Diagnosis of infertility due to tubal occlusion. Detecting abnormal mass inside and outside the uterus. Check the condition of the uterine lining, endometriosis. Check the intrauterine contraceptive device. However, this survey will be contraindicated in the following cases:
Pregnant patient. Pelvic infection. Heavy uterine bleeding at the time of the procedure.
Chống chỉ định chụp xquang tử cung vòi trứng
Chụp X quang tử cung vòi trứng chống chỉ định với phụ nữ mang thai

3. The risks that occur after an X-ray of the uterus and fallopian tubes

Vaginal discharge symptoms may appear after the examination because a part of the fluid that enters the uterus flows out, the fluid may be accompanied by blood or there is little vaginal bleeding, spasms, feeling dizzy, uncomfortable. belly. However, very rare serious reactions such as contrast medium allergy, uterine damage or pelvic infection have been reported.
Besides, the X-ray examination of the uterus and fallopian tubes also has certain limitations when it can only evaluate abnormalities in the uterus and fallopian tubes. In addition, abnormalities of the ovaries, uterine wall, and other pelvic structures require ultrasound investigation or magnetic resonance imaging (CT scan).
X-ray examination of the uterus and fallopian tubes is a fairly safe, simple, relatively low-cost technique and is easily accepted by customers to survey the uterus - fallopian tubes. This is one of the indispensable tests during the examination and treatment of female infertility.
Currently, Vinmec International General Hospital conducts X-ray surveys of the uterus and fallopian tubes according to technical procedures that meet the standards of the Ministry of Health, ensuring patient safety according to international standards. Synchronous camera system, modern equipment and standard, sterile imaging room. Professional and experienced doctors and technicians help diagnose and give the most accurate results to patients in a short period of time. In particular, customers who book an appointment before coming to the hospital will be examined immediately because they are fully prepared without having to wait. With the above conditions, you can completely trust the quality of medical services at Vinmec.

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