Is lupus erythematosus curable?

Many people when diagnosed still do not know what lupus erythematosus is or is lupus curable? Lack of knowledge about the disease greatly affects recognition and diagnosis.

Lupus erythematosus is a chronic autoimmune disease of unknown cause that damages many organs in the body. In severe cases, the disease can be life-threatening. Systemic lupus erythematosus cannot be completely cured, but it can be controlled with proper treatment. During an exacerbation of the disease, the patient needs to rest, and at the same time, a reasonable exercise regimen is required to avoid muscle atrophy and stiffness.
Lupus erythematosus is divided into 2 main types: discoid lupus erythematosus and systemic lupus erythematosus, Systemic lupus erythematosus is a common disease in autoimmune diseases. The cause of lupus in particular and autoimmune diseases in general is that the body has a mismatch in the immune response, leading to the immune system fighting against the body's own organs.
Symptoms of lupus erythematosus are: Fatigue, persistent fever, erythema, thickened red patches on the skin, rash sensitive to sunlight, hair loss, mouth and nose ulcers, joint pain, stiffness and edema, shortness of breath, chest pain, dry eyes, anemia, leukopenia, lesions on the heart, lungs, kidneys, brain, nervous system, reproductive system,... with typical manifestations in organs.
The drugs used in the treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus include:
Anti-inflammatory drugs, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as: Ibuprofen, Aspirin, Naproxen, Nimesulide,... These drugs are effective against symptoms of lupus erythematosus in muscles and joints, but it has a side effect that is easy to cause peptic ulcers, so it must be taken when full. Corticosteroids have stronger anti-inflammatory effects, but also have more side effects than the above drugs. The drug is only used in cases of severe lupus erythematosus, already with organ damage. The common side effects of the drug are: causing peptic ulcers, osteoporosis, stretch marks, increased blood sugar, increased risk of infection, adrenal suppression,... Therefore, the drug is therapeutic. This lupus erythematosus is indicated to be taken once after breakfast. Antimalarial drugs such as Hydroxychloroquine, Chloroquine have good effects on skin and joint lesions. Immunosuppressive drugs such as Cyclophosphamide (Endoxan), Azathioprine (Imuran), Cyclosporine (Sandimmun),... have many dangerous side effects. Therefore, only used in cases of severe lupus erythematosus, the patient is not responding to corticosteroids alone. In addition to applying the doctor's treatment regimens for lupus erythematosus, patients need to pay attention:
Need to have a healthy life, avoid psychological trauma, work hard. Ultraviolet rays in the sun should be avoided as much as possible, because it often initiates or aggravates exacerbations of the disease. Absolutely do not stop suddenly, especially corticosteroids, because doing this is also the cause of an exacerbation of the disease.

Để đặt lịch khám tại viện, Quý khách vui lòng bấm số HOTLINE hoặc đặt lịch trực tiếp TẠI ĐÂY. Tải và đặt lịch khám tự động trên ứng dụng MyVinmec để được giảm ngay 10% phí khám khi đặt hẹn khám lần đầu trên toàn hệ thống Vinmec (áp dụng từ 1/10 - 31/10/2022). Quý khách cũng có thể quản lý, theo dõi lịch và đặt hẹn tư vấn từ xa qua video với các bác sĩ Vinmec mọi lúc mọi nơi ngay trên ứng dụng.

25 lượt đọc

Dịch vụ từ Vinmec

Bài viết liên quan