Prevention of toenail fungus
1. Learn about toenail fungus
Toenail fungus can spread to other parts of the nail, and it can even grow on the fingernails and skin. According to experts, men are more susceptible to toenail fungus than women. Elderly people are very susceptible to fungal infections due to poor resistance. In addition, patients with diabetes, frequent smokers, ... also increase the risk of this disease.
MORE: Why are fingernails and toenails thick and rough?
2. Symptoms and causes of toenail fungus
2.1. Symptoms of Toenail Fungus Based on the abnormal color of your toenails, you can determine if you have toenail fungus? Usually, this pathology shows signs of one or more toenails with a color change to white, brown, yellow. After that, the toenail will thicken and crack. If this condition is not treated early, it will cause bleeding.
Frequent broken toenails is also a symptom of toenail fungus. A fungal overgrowth can cause the nail to loosen and separate from the nail bed.
2.2. Causes of toenail fungus According to experts, the cause of toenail fungus is determined to be caused by a group of fungi called dermatophytes. The growth medium for this fungus is on the skin and keratin (the main component of hair and nails).
3. Prevention of toenail fungus
3.1. Keep feet clean and dry Cleaning your feet and hands regularly is an easy way to eliminate bacteria buildup. You can use soap with water. Then, dry your feet, not missing the toes. Accordingly, wet toenails can make the fungus grow stronger.
3.2. Don't go barefoot A humid environment can be a breeding ground for dermatophyte fungi. When you go barefoot, you can be susceptible to fungal infections, and you can even increase your risk of getting a fungal infection from other people. That's why you are encouraged to wear bathing shoes or flip flops around public pools, changing rooms and bathrooms.
3.3. Change socks and shoes often Wearing shoes and socks every day can make your feet sweaty. Therefore, you need to change socks and dry clean regularly. Washing shoes is also important to remove sweat and bacteria. Especially for athletes, changing shoes and socks needs to be done more often.
3.4. Use shoes that fit your feet Mushrooms thrive when they wear tight shoes and socks. You should choose shoes that fit your foot size so that the toenails and toes have breathing space. Choose comfortable, sweat-wicking shoe materials.
3.5. Trimming Toenails Trimming your toenails will help prevent nail fungus. But be careful while trimming toenails because it can clip into the skin and cause skin damage.
MORE: How to definitively treat nail fungus?
3.7. Keep nail cleaners clean Clean and disinfect nail clippers, files, and scissors after each use. You can disinfect with alcohol which can be more effective. Also, do not share these tools with others to avoid fungal infections.
3.8. Limit the use of nail polish Nail polish can be a favorable environment for fungus to grow. Therefore, you should limit the use of paint or artificial nails.
3.9. Choose a clean nail salon If you want a pedicure, you should find a salon that is licensed and well-groomed. Make sure they sterilize all of their tools after each use and before each new customer or you can bring your own sterilized tools.
3.10. Use an antifungal cream If you have had toenail fungus before, you need to use an antifungal cream to prevent a recurrence. You should use this cream as prescribed by your doctor, not arbitrarily use it to avoid unwanted side effects.
3.11. Do not use old footwear Fungi can grow in old shoes. Therefore, you need to use an antifungal spray on your newer shoes every morning before you put them on. In addition, you also need to be careful, never share shoes or socks with others.
Finally, if you notice a change in color or shape to your toenails, see your doctor. Detecting symptoms and treating them early will save you time, money and effectively treat toenail fungus in the best way.
Vinmec International General Hospital is the address for examination, treatment and prevention of diseases, including Dermatology. When performing the examination process at Vinmec, customers will be welcomed and used modern facilities and equipment along with perfect medical services under the guidance and advice of experts. Good doctors, well-trained both at home and abroad.
Để đặt lịch khám tại viện, Quý khách vui lòng bấm số HOTLINE hoặc đặt lịch trực tiếp TẠI ĐÂY. Tải và đặt lịch khám tự động trên ứng dụng MyVinmec để quản lý, theo dõi lịch và đặt hẹn mọi lúc mọi nơi ngay trên ứng dụng.