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Reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament of the knee by the method of “anatomical mapping”

Anterior cruciate ligament rupture is a common condition in athletes. However, many people are subjective and should try to endure it and not deal with it right away. It is only when they want to return to playing high-impact sports that they decide to go for treatment. And then, anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction surgery is the best way to restore the function of the cruciate ligament. But how to be able to recover to the original and return to playing sports like before?
Video content is expertly consulted by BSCKII Vu Tu Nam, Head of Arthroscopic Surgery and Vinmec Sports Medicine

1. What is anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction surgery?

There are two main methods: open surgery and arthroscopic reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament of the knee joint.
Previously, when open surgery, the rate of correct placement was better, but with this method, the patient suffers from large wounds and takes a long time to recover. Thanks to the development of modern medicine, arthroscopic reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament of the knee joint has many outstanding advantages and is considered the gold standard for treatment of anterior cruciate ligament rupture.
With this method, the Surgeon will:
Take 1-2 tendons in the back of the thigh in the group of tendons of the shin or patella, quadriceps... or donor tendons to create a wire graft. new tendon. Observe through the endoscopic camera and anatomical landmarks in the knee joint to determine the location of the tunneling hole, before inserting the graft to form a new ligament. After drilling the bone tunnel, the ligament graft will be inserted into the knee joint and fixed. The anterior cruciate ligament is very strong, so if the new ligament is too small, it will not be able to bear the load. The diameter of the new ligament graft should be as large as possible, but should not exceed the size of the old attachment of the original ligament. In general, the minimum graft diameter should be 8mm, preferably between 9-10mm.
Many patients after surgery do not recover well and can't play sports again, the main reason is that the parameters of the new ligament graft are not suitable for the individual characteristics of each patient (incorrect position, is not in the optimal area, the graft diameter is not guaranteed, the tunnel is too big compared to the original ligament...).
Tái tạo dây chằng chéo khớp gối và những điều cần biết
Tái tạo dây chằng chéo khớp gối và những điều cần biết

2. Reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament of the knee joint by the method of “anatomical mapping”

The method of "anatomical mapping" is a method that uses the parameters of the anterior cruciate ligament in the patient's own healthy knee to restore a new ligament to the damaged knee to achieve the best accuracy, ie maximum recovery of anatomical and physiological parameters of the patient to optimize surgical results.
Thanks to the 3D imaging technology of the knee joint during surgery (or 3D guidance), doctors will create a "mirror copy" of the anterior cruciate ligament and the healthy knee joint to create a "custom design". ” for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction surgery on the knee that has ruptured anterior cruciate ligament. Thanks to that, the puzzle piece will be placed 100% correctly.
If arthroscopic reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament of the knee is considered the trump card, rehabilitation after surgery is also very important. The right rehabilitation after surgery will shorten the recovery time, and ensure the ability to return to their passion for playing sports.
Surely here you will no longer worry because it is difficult to return to playing sports if the cruciate ligament of the knee is accidentally broken; because there is already an anatomical mapping method, right? Exercise regularly, but do not forget to protect the knee joint.
Currently, Vinmec International General Hospital has successfully treated many musculoskeletal diseases such as meniscus tears, osteoarthritis, elbow fusion, fracture... With modern technical facilities ; a civilized, polite, safe and sterile medical examination and treatment space with a team of highly qualified and well-trained doctors at major Orthopedic and Trauma Centers at home and abroad... You can rest assured when choosing Vinmec to perform surgery and treat bone and joint injuries. Thanks to good medical quality, the examination and treatment always achieve good results, helping patients recover quickly.

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