Spoon-shaped concave nails: Causes and mechanisms of pathogenesis
1. What are concave spoon-shaped nails?
Spoon-shaped concave nail is a phenomenon where the middle of the fingernail (or toenail) is concave, the part around the edge of the nail is raised, looking like the shape of a spoon. Spoon-shaped concave nails are capable of holding a drop of water on the nail.
With this condition, the patient's nails become thinner, can crack, and the outer part of the nail easily separates from the nail bed. Spoon-shaped nail dimples most often occur in the fingernails, but sometimes this symptom also appears in the toenails.
2. Spoon-shaped concave nail formation mechanism
3. Causes of spoon-shaped concave nails
Besides, spoon-shaped concave nails can also be the result of trauma caused by chemotherapy or radiation for cancer, patients are often exposed to oily solvents, cleaning agents or by the body. inability to absorb essential nutrients. Hairdressers can also get this condition due to the harmful effects of the hair products they come into contact with on a daily basis.
Spoon nails are often associated with chronic diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, malnutrition, protein deficiency, vitamin deficiency, psoriasis or thyroid disorders. , Raynaud's syndrome ...
Another cause of spoon-shaped nails that can be found in many people is genetic or environmental. A study in older adults found that more than 47% of older adults had ingrown toenails, and manual workers were at a higher risk of developing this condition.
According to the results of another group, spoon-shaped concave nails are common in 32% of children living in rural areas and occur in 17% of children living in urban areas. This is explained by the fact that children in rural areas are at high risk of foot injuries due to often walking barefoot or having to soak their feet in water.
4. Spoon-shaped concave nail treatments
If the concave nails are caused by anemia, the patient should change the diet to supplement iron in the daily diet. Some foods rich in iron should be consumed strongly such as fortified red meat, beef, meat of seafood species, peas. In addition, the patient needs to eat more foods containing vitamin C. Vitamin C will help the body absorb iron from food much better.
In case of spoon-shaped concave nails because the body cannot absorb vitamin B12 from food, the patient can supplement B12 with oral tablets as directed by the treating doctor.
5. Spoon-shaped nail care
Để đặt lịch khám tại viện, Quý khách vui lòng bấm số HOTLINE hoặc đặt lịch trực tiếp TẠI ĐÂY. Tải và đặt lịch khám tự động trên ứng dụng MyVinmec để được giảm ngay 15% phí khám khi đặt hẹn khám lần đầu trên toàn hệ thống Vinmec (áp dụng từ 17/10 - 31/12/2022). Quý khách cũng có thể quản lý, theo dõi lịch và đặt hẹn tư vấn từ xa qua video với các bác sĩ Vinmec mọi lúc mọi nơi ngay trên ứng dụng.