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What medical techniques are used to diagnose fibrocystic breast disease?


The article is professionally consulted by Master, Doctor Nguyen Thi Mai Anh - Doctor of Radiology - Department of Diagnostic Imaging and Nuclear Medicine - Vinmec Times City International Hospital

Cystic fibrosis of the breast causes the patient to feel pain and tightness in both breasts. Many women are worried about this abnormality. However, breast fibrosis is dangerous and can it be diagnosed by medical techniques? The article will help readers get more information about fibrocystic breasts and techniques to diagnose the disease.

1. What is cystic fibrosis of the breast? Causes of cystic fibrosis of the breast


Cystic fibrosis of the breast appears due to changes in the fibers of the mammary gland, female hormone disorders. This is a benign lesion. Women are the most common subjects. The main cause of cystic fibrosis of the breast is the long-term imbalance between estrogen and progesterone, causing the mammary gland to be affected.
According to the normal physiological mechanism in women, every time the menstrual cycle comes, under the influence of sex hormones estrogen and progesterone, the mammary gland tissue will expand, retain water, and tighten the areas with The density is firmer, when touching feels like a lump, after menstruation, these signs of breast tenderness gradually decrease and then return to normal. Repeated, repeated menstrual cycles cause breast tissue to thicken and form small fluid-filled cysts in blocked or dilated ducts.
In addition, when the body increases estrogen, epithelial cells proliferate in tubules and segments, when estrogen levels decrease, the epithelium coils and coils, tubules become follicles, cysts have a large size. different (0.2 - 1.5cm).
For women in the perimenopause period or people who are often stressed, the mammary glands appear abnormal areas forming lumps or solid patches under the skin or appear very small particles scattered throughout. two breasts.
Kết hợp estrogen và progestin
Rối loạn cân bằng giữa estrogen và progesterone kéo dài gây ảnh hưởng tới tuyến vú

2. Symptoms of cystic fibrosis of the breast


Breast pain
This is the most common symptom of cystic fibrosis, occurring 1 week before menstruation, until menstruation is less painful. Pain may be in one or both breasts in the lower or upper 1/2 breast, pain may spread to the arm on the same side.
Tightness
Easy to feel the tightness in the chest. When palpated, it can be seen as a lump, tumor.
Other symptoms
In addition to the symptoms of pain, tightness in the chest, the patient also has symptoms of menstrual disorders, abdominal pain, back pain more than before each period.
Đau nhói ở ngực chếch về phía phải có nguy hiểm không và chữa trị thế nào?
Đau, căng tức ngực là triệu chứng phổ biến nhất của xơ nang tuyến vú

3. Diagnosis of breast fibrosis by any medical techniques?


Breast fibrosis is a benign disease, patients do not need to worry too much. However, it is very important to see a doctor for advice. Breast fibrosis can be diagnosed by the following medical techniques:
Ultrasound
To diagnose fibrocystic breast, the doctor will appoint ultrasound of the breast, a simple and inexpensive imaging technique but very effective, helping to detect the location, size and number of fibroids. The doctor will then poke the tumor, aspirate cells with a fine needle for testing.
If necessary, the doctor will appoint surgical surgery to take away the biopsy.
Mammography
Mammography will help detect breast cancer early through microcalcifications.

4. Notes on breast fibrosis


If there is a diagnosis of breast fibrosis, the patient should not be too alarmed.
Should keep the spirit comfortable, happy to avoid more pain
Reasonable rest,
Maintain a scientific diet. should add foods rich in vitamin B, potassium, magnesium found in fruits, vegetables, brown rice to reduce water retention, chest pain.
Nguyên tắc bổ sung kali cho cơ thể
Người bệnh nên giữ tinh thần thoải mái và duy trì chế độ dinh dưỡng khoa học

Eat light, avoid eating a lot of salt, foods rich in fat. Limit the use of beer, alcohol, and coffee, smoking Follow the doctor's instructions. Timely re-examination. Breast Screening Center - Vinmec International General Hospital is the leading modern and comprehensive center for screening, diagnosis, treatment, and counseling on breast cancer and benign breast diseases in Vietnam. Advantages of Vinmec in breast cancer screening and treatment:
Team of highly qualified and experienced doctors; Having a full range of specialized facilities for diagnosis and staging before treatment: Mammography, 2D breast ultrasound, 3D breast ultrasound, CT mammogram, MRI of the breast, biopsy under the guidance of Dr. ultrasound or X-ray, histopathological diagnosis according to international standards, genetic testing,... Comprehensive professional cooperation with domestic and international hospitals: Singapore, Japan, France, USA,. .. Comprehensive patient care and treatment, multi-specialty coordination, in the direction of individualizing each patient; There are full range of main cancer treatment methods: surgery, breast plastic surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, immune cell transplantation, stem cells... Any questions should be asked by a doctor. Answering specialists as well as customers wishing to examine and treat at Vinmec International General Hospital, please register for an online examination on the Website for the best service.

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