What to do when there is an abnormal total blood analysis test?
1. For the red blood cell line
Hemoglobin index (HGB): helps doctors to assess whether a patient is anemic or not, how anemia is. MCV (mean red blood cell volume): helps doctors classify anemia with large or small red blood cells. MCV decreased in cases of iron deficiency anemia, thalassemia, abnormal hemoglobin pathology, lead poisoning, chronic inflammation... MCV increased in cases of vitamin B12 deficiency, folic acid deficiency, liver disease, alcohol abuse. .. MCH, MCHC index: commonly used to evaluate and classify the patient's anemia as normal or hypochromic. MCH, MCHC are low when the patient has iron deficiency anemia, Thalassemia..
2. For the white blood cell line
Leukopenia: Depending on the type of white blood cell that is in decline, there will be different names such as: lymphocytopenia, neutropenia... seen in cases of viral infections, myeloproliferative cancer treatment, cirrhosis... Leukocytosis: similar to lymphocytosis, neutrophilic leukocytosis, eosinophilia... Elevated eosinophils, doctors need to find the causes due to parasites, allergies, cancer... Elevated neutrophil count, doctors need to find the cause of infection... In case of abnormally high white blood cells, it should be done specialized tests to diagnose blood cancer.
3. For platelet stream
Increased platelet count can be caused by bone marrow disease, infection, postoperative splenectomy...
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