What virus causes cold sores in the mouth?
When the virus that causes oral herpes enters the host cell, it will cause symptoms of skin infection and sores. Viruses can cause illness in everyone, especially this virus that can lead to severe infections in infants that cause serious complications.
1. What is oral herpes? Which virus causes disease?
Cold sores, also known as oral herpes. When infected, the patient will appear blisters around the mouth and gums. This is an infection of the mouth, lips, or gums caused by the HSV (Herpes) virus. There are two types of HSV virus that commonly cause cold sores:
HSV virus type 1 (HSV-1), which is spread mainly by contact with the saliva of an infected person or by direct contact with a wound on the skin or skin. soft in the mouth. HSV type 2 virus (HSV-2) is usually spread sexually and causes genital herpes. HSV-2 can occur in the mouth, if an infected person has oral sex, it will cause cold sores. When infected with HSV virus, people will have signs of mouth ulcers, but some people have no symptoms at all. After 1 to 3 weeks of exposure to HSV virus, the patient will have some symptoms as follows:
Itching in the lips or skin around the patient's mouth area, then appear blisters near the lips and mouth area; The patient will feel tingling near the lips or mouth area.
In some cases there may be sore throat , fever and pain when swallowing. Pimples or erythema on the gums, lips, mouth, and throat. The blisters may grow in clusters.
2. Some methods of treating cold sores
Usually the symptoms of oral herpes clear up on their own without treatment within 1 to 2 weeks. However, in some cases, the patient can perform some methods of treating cold sores such as:
Use of drugs:
The use of drugs requires a prescription from the treating doctor, some drugs from the doctor. Will prescribe patients such as: Antiviral drugs to help relieve pain and make symptoms better (such as: Acyclovir; Famciclovir; Valacyclovir) as soon as the warning signs of herpes appear. Patients can also take aspirin, acetaminophen, and ibuprofen to relieve pain. Antiviral skin creams shorten the duration of illness from a few hours to a day. Penciclovir and acyclovir are topical creams that are very effective during herpes outbreaks.
Aloe Vera : The antibacterial property present in aloe vera works to cure cold sores in the mouth. Aloe vera will help soothe the skin and heal the wound. Applying aloe vera to the sore spot will help you heal quickly. Yogurt: Helps fight the HSV virus that causes herpes and speeds up the healing process. How to use is that the patient applies yogurt on the infected area. Leave for a while and then wash off with water. Milk: Calcium and fat in milk will help fight viruses that cause infections, helping you to recover quickly. Similar to yogurt, you should apply milk on your lips for a while and then wash it off. Garlic: Garlic can be used to treat herpes. The enzyme and anti-viral components in garlic will effectively and quickly treat oral herpes.
3. Some methods to reduce the risk of herpes
To reduce the risk of STDs in general and oral herpes in particular, people:
Should not have vaginal, anal or oral sex with people at risk. When having sex, you need to maintain a monogamous relationship with someone who does not have genital herpes. Use condoms correctly every time you have sex. However, condoms cannot cover all of the herpes sores. Therefore, it is best to wait until after treatment has been completed.
If you have sex with someone who has genital herpes , you can reduce your risk of getting herpes if your partner takes anti-herpes medicine every day. However, absolutely do not have vaginal, anal or oral sex when your partner has symptoms of herpes. Wash your hands with soap and warm water often, especially after using the toilet; Keep the blistered area clean and dry. Avoid shaving the affected area because there is a risk of spreading the HSV virus to undamaged skin. Learn to spot the early symptoms, because taking HSV antiviral drugs early can reduce the duration of the illness; Get medical attention right away if your symptoms get worse, you have a fever or you have pus draining from the blister; severe headache, shortness of breath, eye pain, or bright light bothers you; disease recurs more than 4-6 times per year. Avoid and learn to deal with stress, physical and mental stress. This is because stress can weaken the immune system and give the herpes virus a chance to return; Eat healthy foods. Get enough sleep and get enough exercise; Do not share personal hygiene items. Avoid prolonged sun exposure or sunburn, because the sun can make the disease reoccur. If you must go out, apply sunscreen. Vinmec International General Hospital is a high-quality medical facility in Vietnam with a team of highly qualified medical professionals, well-trained, domestic and foreign, and experienced.
A system of modern and advanced medical equipment, possessing many of the best machines in the world, helping to detect many difficult and dangerous diseases in a short time, supporting the diagnosis and treatment of doctors the most effective. The hospital space is designed according to 5-star hotel standards, giving patients comfort, friendliness and peace of mind.
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