Why is urine cloudy?

Slurry urine is often caused by glomerular disease and urinary tract infection. To know the exact cause of the disease, the patient needs to see a doctor to check kidney function and urine test. Here are some key facts regarding the pathophysiology of cloudy urine:

1. Urine contains protein that makes urine cloudy

Urine in healthy people changes color from light yellow to dark yellow depending on the amount of water supplied to the body, but absolutely no urine scum. However, for some reasons, the glomerular filtration rate is reduced, which will make large substances unable to pass through the filter membrane, resulting in being excreted in the urine, including proteins. Slurry urine is very consistent with the symptoms of proteinuria. In addition, to show that there is protein in the urine, you can add vinegar or sulfosalicylic acid to the urine, there will be precipitation and cloudiness.
Proteinuria is a sign of kidney damage. In general, positive proteinuria is common in the following cases:
Renal pathology: Nephrotic syndrome, acute glomerulonephritis and chronic glomerulonephritis, renal failure with edema, urea, and elevated serum creatinine.
Viêm cầu thận cấp ở trẻ em bao lâu thì khỏi?
Viêm cầu thận cấp là nguyên nhân khiến nước tiểu có váng

Blood diseases such as multiple myeloma, proteinuria in pregnant women: Pregnant women in the last 3 months of pregnancy with hypertension and edema are likely to have pregnancy toxicity. If left untreated, it can cause eclampsia and stillbirth. Localized proteinuria: Common in adolescents under 30 years of age, with proteinuria that varies by position. If the patient lies at rest, stretches the legs at the bed, the proteinuria is negative. If the patient stands for more than an hour, the proteinuria becomes positive. The disease is benign and usually resolves on its own after the age of 30.

2. Urine contains pus, making urine cloudy

Purulent urine is caused by an infection of the urinary tract, causing an increased rate of neutrophils in the urine. White blood cells cause urine to have a purulent color, which can be scum on the surface for a long time and sticky pus residue at the bottom of the potty. The cause of urine is scum, pus is due to:
Urethritis: Inflammation occurs due to pathogenic bacteria in the urethra, the most common being gonorrhea. When urinating, it is often accompanied by a feeling of burning and pain when urinating. Prostatitis: Prostatitis often accompanies urethritis. In addition to cloudy urine, the patient also has fever, pain around the anus, upper pubic area, difficulty urinating or peeing drop by drop. Cystitis: People with cystitis often have pus-filled urine with painful urination, and frequent urination. On the ultrasound image of the bladder, there is an ulcer, a residue of pus.
Viêm bàng quang
Nước tiểu chứa mủ làm nước tiểu có váng là dấu hiệu của bệnh viêm bàng quang:

Pyelonephritis: The disease often has an obstructive cause such as hydronephrosis, retrograde infection or after sepsis. Sterile pyuria: The disease usually occurs due to foreign objects entering the bladder, non-infectious stones, fungi, kidney tuberculosis, taking antibiotics. Sterile pyuria is often accompanied by vaginal discharge.

3. Urine contains lipids that make urine scum

Diarrhea in lipids, mainly fatty acids, phospholipids, triglycerides, almost no cholesterol, can be the cause of cloudy urine, specifically:
Nephrotic syndrome: In nephrotic syndrome , lipiduria can be up to 0.4g - 1g in a day and possibly more, in which the content of cholesterol, triglyceride, and phospholipid components is increased. Pregnancy: Lipidosis also occurs at the end of pregnancy Other diseases: People with diabetes, biliary cirrhosis, hypothyroidism, end-stage renal failure are also prone to lipid diabetes.
Ốm nghén là nguyên nhân chủ yếu khiến thai phụ không tăng cân
Đái lipid còn xảy ra ở cuối thời kỳ thai nghén

4. Urine contains chyme, making urine cloudy

Urine in healthy people does not contain chyme. Therefore, when you see that your urine contains chyme, you need to see a kidney function test immediately.
The manifestation of chyme when it exists in the urine, which is mainly triglycerides, will make the urine milky white, if it stays for a long time it will thicken like jelly, if it stays for a long time, it will appear scum in the urine. .
Periodic health check-ups help to detect diseases early, so that there are treatment plans for optimal results. Currently, Vinmec International General Hospital has general health checkup packages suitable for each age, gender and individual needs of customers with a reasonable price policy, including:
Health checkup package diamond general health check-up package Vip special health check-up package Comprehensive general health check-up package Standard general health check-up package Patient's examination results will be returned to your home. After receiving the results of the general health examination, if you detect diseases that require intensive examination and treatment, you can use services from other specialties at the Hospital with quality treatment and services. outstanding customer service.
To register for examination and treatment at Vinmec International General Hospital, you can contact the nationwide Vinmec Health System Hotline, or register online HERE.

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