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Modern dental implant (Implant): A safe solution for people who have lost teeth

The article was professionally consulted by Specialist Doctor I Nguyen Trung Hau - Doctor of Odonto-Stomatology - Department of Medical Examination & Internal Medicine - Vinmec Da Nang International General Hospital.
After a long period of tooth loss, the patient may have jaw bone loss (or alveolar bone loss), causing the root bone to disappear, which can lead to misaligned bite and mouth distortion. To prevent bone loss, it is best to choose a dental implant right after losing a tooth.

1. What is jaw bone resorption?

Jaw bone loss occurs when the density, height, volume, and quantity of alveolar bone and around the tooth roots are reduced due to many reasons, causing the patient's face to be distorted, unbalanced and greatly affect the patient's health. bite joint.
There are 2 main causes of jaw bone loss:
Tooth loss: the jaw bone is preserved and developed from the stimulating pressure transmitted from the root of the tooth through chewing. When the tooth is lost, the maintenance force will no longer be, causing the jawbone in the area of ​​​​loss of teeth to gradually disappear. During the first year, the patient will lose 25% of the original bone at that site and will gradually lose it in the following years. After about 3 years, the jaw bone will be destroyed by 45 - 60%, leading to extremely dangerous jaw dislocation; Periodontitis: the first stage when the gums are inflamed, it will cause receding gums, open roots. If not treated in time, the bone and ligaments surrounding the teeth will gradually be destroyed, leaving the teeth without support, leading to breakage.
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Hiện tượng mất răng là nguyên nhân gây tiêu xương hàm

2. How to cure bone loss?

Alveolar bone loss is very dangerous because it will greatly affect the patient's health, reduce aesthetics, adversely affect chewing function and hinder future treatment. Therefore, aggressive treatment plays a very important role in minimizing the consequences of this condition.
The jaw bone cannot repair itself once destroyed, requiring external intervention. Currently, there are two most effective methods of tooth loss treatment:
2.1 Bone grafting This method is performed by implanting bone in the position of the jaw bone that has disappeared in order to regenerate the jaw bone structure, preserve the jaw bone and preserve the jaw bone. real teeth. Common forms of bone grafting:
Autologous bone grafting: taking bone from another part of the body such as skull, jawbone, chin bone, hip bone, ... to graft into the lost bone in the tooth socket. This method has high safety, reduces the risk of rejection of graft material. Artificial bone graft: using biological bone whose main ingredient is Beta-tricalcium phosphate or Hydroxy apatite, which is close to natural bone, has high safety, easy to implant, can self-dissolve, stimulates bone to accumulate suitable and without surgery in 2 different locations. 2.2 Lifting the maxillary sinus If the patient has lost teeth in the upper jaw, it is necessary to conduct additional sinus lift techniques to increase the volume of the jaw bone, serving the implantation of teeth. Common types of sinus lift are open sinus lift and closed sinus lift. Often, a sinus lift will be combined with a bone graft.
The implementation of bone graft and sinus lift helps to improve jaw bone loss, increase aesthetics, support facial muscles, help bones achieve the basic criteria of thickness and height to perform Implant. bone loss, for the ability to support the implant well.
In particular, to prevent bone loss, as soon as a tooth is lost, the patient should perform a dental implant. New dental implants help ensure chewing function, fill the gap in the tooth socket, and preserve the jaw bone thanks to the stimulating pressure transmitted from the root of the tooth.

3. What is Implant?

Trồng răng hiện đại (Implant): Giải pháp an toàn cho người bị mất răng
Trồng răng Implant là gì?
Implant bone loss is a surgical method of placing a false tooth root made of titanium into the jawbone to replace the lost real tooth root, to support a porcelain crown or bridge. Complete Implant teeth including Implant post and porcelain teeth are restored, replacing lost teeth in both structure and chewing function, ensuring aesthetics.
Dental implants are suitable for all subjects, regardless of age, gender or time of tooth loss, as long as you have enough health. Those who have lost their teeth for a long time, the jawbone has shown signs of bone loss, receding gums can still plant Implant teeth after jaw bone grafting.

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