Alcohol and its effects on human health
1. What are alcoholic beverages?
Alcoholic beverages are produced by the sugar yeasts in certain carb-rich foods, such as grapes - used to make wine - or grains - used to make beer. Alcohol is one of the most common neurotransmitters in the world, which can have a dramatic effect on a user's mood and mental state.
By inhibiting self-consciousness and perception, alcohol can encourage users to act in a controlled manner. At the same time, weakening judgment and motivating behavior can cause many people to regret.
2. Liver function
One of the main roles of the liver is to neutralize various toxins when consumed by the user. For this reason, the liver is particularly vulnerable to alcohol damage.
There are a number of liver diseases that occur as a result of excessive alcohol consumption including: Fatty liver, which is caused by an increase in fat inside the liver cells. Fatty liver develops in 90% of people who drink more than 1/2 ounce (15 ml) of alcohol per day and is usually asymptomatic and fully reversible.
In heavy drinkers, heavy drinking can cause the liver to become inflamed. In the worst case scenario, liver cells will die and be replaced by scar tissue, leading to a serious condition called cirrhosis. Cirrhosis is not completely reversible and is associated with many serious health problems. When cirrhosis develops, a liver transplant may be the only solution.
3. Effects on the brain
Binge drinking can even lead to unconsciousness, a characteristic phenomenon of dementia or temporary amnesia following heavy drinking. These effects are temporary, but chronic alcohol abuse can cause permanent changes in brain organelles, leading to impaired brain function.
Because the brain is a very sensitive organ to damage, chronic alcohol abuse can increase the risk of dementia and cause brain shrinkage in middle-aged and elderly people. In the worst cases, severe brain damage caused by alcohol can cause sudden death.
In contrast, drinking in moderation is associated with a reduced risk of dementia - especially in older adults.
4. Impact on weight
Alcohol in beverages ranks as the second most calorie-dense nutrients after fat, at about 7 calories per gram. Beer has the same number of calories as sugary soft drinks, while red wine has twice as many calories.
However, studies investigating the link between alcohol and weight have provided inconsistent results. For example, research suggests that drinking moderate amounts of alcohol is associated with weight loss, while continued consumption can promote weight gain.
In fact, regular beer consumption can cause weight gain, while wine consumption can cause weight loss.
5. Impact on the heart
The relationship between alcohol and heart disease is complex and depends on a number of factors. Moderate drinking is associated with a reduced risk of heart disease, while heavy drinking or alcohol abuse seems to increase the risk.
Moderate alcohol consumption can have benefits such as:
Increases the amount of good cholesterol HDL in the blood Lowers blood pressure, a major factor in heart disease Lowers blood fibrinogen levels, a key factor in the formation of fibrinogen Blood clots Reduces risk of diabetes Temporarily relieves stress and anxiety
6. Type 2 diabetes
Drinking alcohol in moderation seems to reduce symptoms of insulin resistance, preventing diabetes. Therefore, drinking alcohol with a meal can lower blood sugar by 16% compared to drinking water. In fact, overall diabetes risk tends to decrease with moderate alcohol consumption.
Alcohol consumption is one of the risk factors for cancers of the mouth, throat, colon, breast and liver.
The cells in the mouth and throat are especially vulnerable to the harmful effects of alcohol.
Even mild alcohol consumption, one drink a day - is associated with a 20% increased risk of mouth and throat cancer. The incidence of disease occurrence increases with consumption. Consuming more than 4 glasses of alcohol a day can increase the risk of mouth and throat cancer fivefold, as well as increase the risk of breast, colon and liver cancer.
8. Birth defects
9. Danger of Addiction and Abuse
Symptoms of alcoholism include uncontrollable cravings for alcohol, loss of control and self-control when drinking. So, when drinking habits begin to have an adverse effect on quality of life, users may already show signs of alcohol abuse and addiction.
Chronic alcohol abuse can cause serious health effects, affecting the entire function of the body, thereby causing diseases. For example, alcoholism can cause liver damage, including cirrhosis, brain damage, heart failure, diabetes, cancer, and infections.
10. Drink as much is enough
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