Lactose intolerance, can you tolerate cheese and yogurt?
People with lactose intolerance experience digestive problems when they eat milk, which can have a negative effect on quality of life. In fact, it is thought to affect around 75% of the world's population. The following article tells us how about lactose intolerance? Is cheese tolerable or not?
Lactose or milk sugar is a disaccharide composed of glucose and galactose. It is found only in the milk of mammals and is the main carbohydrate found in milk and other dairy products.
People who are lactose intolerant cannot fully digest the sugar (lactose) in milk. As a result, they experience gas and bloating after eating or drinking dairy products. This condition, also known as lactose malabsorption, is usually harmless, but its symptoms can be bothersome.
Too little enzyme made in the small intestine (lactase) often causes lactose intolerance. You can have low lactose and still be able to digest dairy products. But if your levels are too low, you will become lactose intolerant, leading to symptoms after you eat or drink milk.
Most people with lactose intolerance can manage the condition without having to give up all dairy foods.
2. What is lactose intolerance?
The term used to describe lactose intolerance is defined below:
Lactose is the main carbohydrate in dairy products and consists of a disaccharide consisting of glucose and galactose. Lactase is an enzyme located in the small intestine that hydrolyzes lactose into its components: glucose and galactose. Lactase deficiency or absence of lactase is a condition in which lactase activity is decreased in the small intestine. Lactose dyspepsia is caused by a deficiency or non-existence of lactase. Lactose cannot be completely hydrolyzed and absorbed into the circulatory system from the small intestine but enters the large intestine.
3. Causes of lactose intolerance
Lactose intolerance occurs when your small intestine does not produce enough enzyme (lactase) to digest milk sugar (lactose). Normally, lactase turns lactose into two simple sugars - glucose and galactose - that are absorbed into the bloodstream through the lining of the intestines.
If you have a lactase deficiency, the lactose in your food moves into the colon instead of being processed and absorbed. In the colon, bacteria normally interact with the undigested lactose sugar, causing the signs and symptoms of lactose intolerance.
There are three types of lactose intolerance. Different factors cause lactase deficiency in each type:
3.1. Major lactose intolerance
When children replace milk with other foods, the amount of lactase they produce is often reduced, but is usually still high enough to digest the amount of milk in the typical adult diet. In people with primary lactose intolerance, lactase production declines sharply in adulthood, making dairy products difficult to digest.
3.2. Secondary lactose intolerance
Treating the underlying disorder can restore lactase levels and improve signs and symptoms, although it may take time.
3.3. Congenital or developmental lactose intolerance
4. Symptoms of lactose intolerance
Diarrhea Nausea and sometimes vomiting Stomach cramps Enlargement Gas in the abdomen Some people even feel the need to go to the bathroom, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain lower and sometimes constipated.
Diarrhea occurs because lactose is not digested in the small intestine, causing it to move into your digestive tract.
Once it reaches the colon, lactose is fermented by bacteria in your intestines, forming short-chain fatty acids and gases. This causes bloating, gas, and pain.
The severity of symptoms can vary, depending on how much lactose you can tolerate and how much you have eaten
5. People who are lactose intolerant may be able to eat some milk
All dairy foods contain lactose, but this does not mean that they are completely off-limits for people with lactose intolerance.
Most babies who are lactose intolerant can tolerate small amounts of lactose. For example, some people can tolerate a small amount of milk in tea but cannot tolerate the amount you get from a bowl of cereal.
Some milks are also naturally low in lactose when eaten in their usual serving sizes. For example, butter contains only 0.1 grams of lactose per 20 grams.
Some cheeses also have less than 1 gram of lactose per serving. Interestingly, eating yogurt tends to cause fewer symptoms in people with lactose intolerance compared with other types of milk.
6. Treatment of lactose intolerance
6.1. Enzyme Supplement
However, the effectiveness of these products seems to vary from person to person. Lactase enzyme supplements can be very effective for some people.
6.2. Exposure to lactose
To date, studies on this are few and far between, but early studies have shown some positive results. In one small study, nine people with lactose intolerance tripled their lactase production 16 days after consuming lactose.
6.3. Take Probiotics and Prebiotics
Prebiotics are fibers that serve as food for these bacteria. They provide the beneficial bacteria you already have in your gut, so they thrive.
Some probiotics and prebiotics may be more effective than others for people with lactose intolerance.
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