Nutrition in Gout
For patients with Gout disease, building a scientific diet is very important. If you want to lose weight, you should also lose it slowly, if you lose too much weight too quickly, it will make the condition worse. Avoid overeating, especially in the evening because heavy meals are a stress factor for uric acid formation.
1. Principles of nutrition
Control protein (protein): 1g/kg body weight/day. Protein requirements are lower in cases of renal complications (acute glomerulonephritis, acute renal failure, chronic renal failure). Choose foods that are low in purines. Ensure enough energy: 30-35 kcal/kg body weight/day. Reduced energy requirements in obese patients. Fat: accounts for 20-22% of total energy all day, Cholesterol < 300mg/day. Water: drink plenty of water > 2 liters/day. Adequate supply of vitamins and minerals. >>> Gout prevention diet
2. Nutritional Tips
2.1 Food choices a, Foods to eat
Should eat a variety of foods to provide a full range of necessary nutrients. Rice, corn, pho, rice noodles, ... tubers: sweet potatoes, potatoes, taro, taro, cassava, vermicelli,... Green vegetables: zucchini, spinach, amaranth,. .. Sweet and ripe fruits: pears, apples, grapes, jackfruit, watermelon,... Low-purine foods: cereals, butter, sugar, milk, cheese, vegetables... If you eat meat should only eat 100g for people weighing <50kg and 150g for people weighing >50kg. Drinks containing bicarbonate.
Foods with high purine content: meat broth, mushrooms, asparagus, animal viscera, liver, ovals, heart,... Sour fruits: sour oranges , green mango, toad, sour grapes, tamarind,... c, Food should not be used
Do not use alcohol, beer, tea, coffee,... 2.2 How to prepare When eating fish, it should be eaten in the form boiled, or before stir-frying, frying should also be boiled first.
Food substitute equivalent:
|100g gạo||=||100g gạo nếp/ mỳ sợi/ miến|
|250g bánh phở tươi|
|400g củ khoai củ|
|6 miếng bánh mì sandwich|
|100g thịt heo||=||100g thịt bò, cá, gà|
|120g tôm, tép tươi|
|2 quả trứng|
|40g chà bông|
|200g đậu hũ|
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