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Beware of uterine adhesions after abortion

The article was professionally consulted with Specialist II, Doctor Nguyen Thi Minh Tuyet - Obstetrician and Gynecologist - Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology - Vinmec Central Park International General Hospital.
Usually, after an abortion, it will easily lead to secondary infertility, menstrual periods will be very little because the uterine lining is too thin, or the patient will have lower abdominal pain and amenorrhea when the uterus is attached. bow. These symptoms are often confused with menstrual irregularities.

1. Risk of uterine adhesions after abortion

If the method of abortion is not performed at a specialized medical facility according to safety regulations, it is very easy to cause uterine damage, blood loss, infection, and especially uterine adhesions after multiple abortions. .
The cause of uterine adhesions after abortion is due to excessive suction curettage, the basement membrane of the endometrium is damaged, causing adhesions to the uterine lining, depending on the extent of the damage to the uterine lining. leading to some signs of uterine adhesion after abortion such as: irregular menstruation, menorrhagia, amenorrhea or amenorrhea. Adhesions to the uterus not only cause menstrual irregularities but also one of the causes of infertility.
Dính niêm mạc buồng tử cung
Dính niêm mạc buồng tử cung

2. Prevention of uterine adhesions after abortion

The best way to prevent uterine adhesions after abortion is to go to a reputable medical facility to intervene to limit the complications and complications caused by abortion.
Besides, to avoid unwanted complications, couples should apply safe and appropriate contraception if they do not want to have children or have had enough children.
Keep the intimate area clean, practice safe sex to avoid possible dangerous complications. When detecting abnormal signs, it is necessary to immediately go to a reputable medical facility for examination, to avoid serious illness that can cause inflammation and infection of the uterus. Perform gynecological examination every 6 months for effective screening related to gynecological diseases.
Thành lập phòng khám phụ khoa
Phụ nữ nên khám phụ khoa định kỳ 6 tháng/ lần

3. Health care after abortion

After an abortion, vaginal bleeding and lower abdominal pain are normal. Patients need to use tampons to absorb blood. Take medications as prescribed and follow up with your doctor on schedule.
Clean the body and genitals with a mild feminine hygiene solution, then rinse with clean warm water. When cleaning the private area, do not douche or insert anything into the vagina. Change tampons at least 3 to 4 times a day.
In particular, must abstain from sexual intercourse for 2-3 weeks. This will avoid unwanted pregnancy as well as limit unnecessary damage to the cervix.
Do not exercise vigorously in the first 2-3 weeks after the abortion, rest in moderation, think positively to keep yourself in a relaxed state of mind to help the recovery go faster..
Provide yourself fully Get enough nutrients through your diet. It is necessary to supplement many vitamins and nutrients through foods and vegetables. Abstain from hot, spicy foods.
Re-examine at a medical facility when having one of the following signs: Severe pain in the lower abdomen, Fever or chills. Heavy bleeding (from 2 tampons within 1 hour for 2 hours in a row), bleeding that gradually increases or persists for more than 2 weeks. Vagina secretes foul-smelling discharge.
If you have unusual symptoms, you should be examined and consulted with a specialist.

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