Sexual dysfunction in men
The article is professionally consulted by MSc Vo Thien Ngon - Urologist, Department of General Surgery, Vinmec Danang International General Hospital.
1. What is sexual dysfunction in men?
Sexual dysfunction is any physical or mental problem that makes it difficult to achieve sexual satisfaction. Sexual dysfunction affects men of all ages, but is more common with increasing age.
Sexual dysfunction in men has the following main categories:
Erectile dysfunction (difficulty getting an erection, difficulty maintaining an erection); Premature ejaculation (reaching orgasm too quickly); Delayed ejaculation, inability to ejaculate (reaching orgasm too slowly or not being able to orgasm); Decreased sex drive.
2. Causes of sexual dysfunction in men
Physical problems that cause sexual dysfunction in men include:
Low testosterone levels; Medications (antidepressants, antihypertensives); Vascular disorders (vascular sclerosis, hypertension,...); stroke, or nerve damage from diabetes or surgery; Smoke; Alcohol abuse. Psychiatric problems that cause sexual dysfunction in men include:
Anxiety about sexual ability; Stress in relationships; Depression, guilt; Effects of past trauma; Stress and anxiety at work.
3. Diagnosis of sexual dysfunction in men
The doctor will conduct an examination to find the cause. Those exams may be:
Blood tests that measure testosterone, blood sugar, and cholesterol levels; Check blood pressure; Prostate examination by rectal examination; Examination of the penis and testicles; The tests check nerve and blood vessel activity. Your doctor will also ask about your symptoms, current and current medications, and sexual history.
4. Treatment of sexual dysfunction in men
Many cases can be cured by physical or mental treatments, including:
Drugs: Drugs that improve sexual performance by increasing blood flow to the penis. Sildenafil, vardenafil, and tadalafil are safe and effective for most cases; Hormone therapy: Low testosterone levels can be resolved with hormone replacement via injections, patches, or gels; Psychotherapy: Psychiatric therapy helps patients reduce anxiety, depression, and fear, which are emotions that negatively affect sexual performance; Assistive devices: It is possible to implant assistive devices in cases of erectile dysfunction.
5. Prevention of sexual dysfunction in men
While there is no cure for it, understanding the causes of male sexual dysfunction is a necessary step to solving the problem. To maintain sexual activity:
Follow your doctor's treatment plan; Limit alcohol intake; Quit smoking; Treat any psychological problems (if any); Talk more with your spouse to gain more understanding and sharing. Men who have problems with sexual dysfunction should take the initiative to visit a doctor early to accurately detect the cause and take timely intervention measures to improve their sex life.
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