Skin abnormalities can be seen in children
Because the skin of children, especially babies, is quite sensitive to the surrounding environment, so it is very likely to have skin diseases in babies. When the environment changes, the weather is hot and humid, the skin of children is even more a favorable environment for bacteria to penetrate and cause diseases such as whiteheads, blisters on children's hands, eczema. . .
1. Indigo milk
This is a form of eczema, appearing in children whose parents have allergic conditions such as asthma, allergic rhinitis, eczema..
The expression of milk eczema is small white pimples. Tiny spots appear on children's faces, which then break off and form a red area of skin with yellow discharge, scabs, and itching. Eczema usually occurs at the age of 3 months, recurs and will completely disappear by the time the child is 2 years old. In cases of eczema, medication may be necessary if the eczema is severe enough to cause itching and infection.
Whiteheads appear when the baby is still in the womb. The cause of whitehead disease is the blockage of mucus-secreting glands in the nose and cheeks of children, causing whiteheads to emerge. Whitehead disease does not require treatment, but will disappear and recover on its own.
3. Leech's nest
Leech's nest is a skin disease in children caused by inflammation in the epidermis of the skin, causing children to experience body itching and weight loss. The disease is often caused by genetic factors, allergies to weather, food or due to contact with dirt, pollen, animal hair... Manifestations in leech nest disease is that the child has itchy blisters that have ever been itchy. group. Blisters can hook in many places, can be blisters on children's hands, acne is milky white, hard to break, when it collapses, it turns yellow, it can even make children itchy all over, skin redness and swelling, possibly heat and fever. The disease needs to be treated promptly at medical facilities to avoid danger to the child.
4. Diaper rash
This is a skin disease that occurs in children between the ages of 3 and 15 months or infants under 3 months of age. The cause of diaper rash is due to the baby's skin being rubbed or this skin is not kept open, but it is clogged with urine, feces and other irritants such as laundry detergent soaked in diapers. As a result, these agents have created conditions for bacteria to come into contact with the child's skin, making the child's skin red, diaper rash and if prolonged, can lead to pustules. In addition, some accompanying symptoms of diaper rash are fever and possibly diarrhea.
5. Reduce pigmentation
The disease occurs when babies appear pale purple birthmarks of different sizes on the back and buttocks at birth. The cause of this condition is the stagnation of pigment cells of the skin and it does not affect the health of the child, will fade on its own and disappear after a period of about 1 year.
The cause of heat rash in children is mainly due to hot and sultry weather that causes children's skin to produce more sweat, then the sweat is stagnant and cannot escape, the result is young skin is always in a state of not being ventilated and cool. The manifestation of heat rash is that the skin of children appears small, pink, hard particles, which may have water inside. The most common places where heat rash occurs are the back, shoulder blades, chest, and limbs.
Manifestations of impetigo is that children's skin has round, flattened blisters that emerge, then become opaque and break off, forming scabs after a few hours. Impetigo can spread from nearby skin areas and from person to person. To treat impetigo, children will be prescribed oral, topical, or a combination of both.
8. Dry and flaky skin
Children's skin is dry and flaky with small cuticles. This condition will be able to heal on its own and the skin will become soft again after a period of several weeks. If this dry skin and flaking patches persist, then you need to take the child to see the doctor.
9. "buffalo dung" skin
When the baby's skin cells grow fast and secrete a lot of oil. These cells form squamous membranes called "buffalo dung". Areas that often have "buffalo" skin are the head, eyebrows, eyelids, corners of the nose, and the skin behind the ears. This condition does not adversely affect the child's health and should go away on its own by the time the child is 1 or 2 years old. Some notes for "buffalo" skin condition in children is that parents should not use their hands to remove these scaly layers because there is a risk of tearing the child's thin skin, leading to infection.
10. Sunburned skin
When children are not properly sunbathing, it can lead to sunburn. In the case of babies born at full term and without health problems, it is indicated to sunbathe after 3 days of age. As for the condition of children who have been sunburned, their skin will become red and cause burning. To handle these cases at home, parents can use a towel soaked in cool water to apply to sunburned skin.
11. Skin boils
Children who have a taste for sweets along with living in an environment with poor hygiene will contribute to the formation of boils due to inflammation of the hair follicles and inflammation of the surrounding areas. The pathogenesis of skin boils is due to the body being infected with disease-causing bacteria. The manifestation of skin boils is that the skin is swollen, hot, red, painful and then bursts and oozes pus, resulting in scars on the skin of the child. In this case, the child should be treated with antibiotics and may need to make an incision to drain the pus if necessary.
Scabies is caused by the parasite Sarcoptes Scabiei. The characteristic manifestation of scabies is the blisters between the fingers, toes, abdomen and genitals that cause itching at night. For scabies, children need to be taken to a medical facility for treatment, and at the same time need to bathe and clean, regularly wash blankets, pillows, mattress, bed and dry in the sun to kill the parasites. disease and limit the spread of disease.
Children when infected with Papilloma virus from contact with someone who has this infection before. The manifestation of this condition is that the child's skin will develop warts that are rough and dry, stalks floating on the surface of the skin, the warts are usually on the fingers and toes. Warts do not affect the health of the child, but cause the baby's skin to become bumpy like goosebumps, so it does not look clean. Warts can be treated with topical medications or lasers to remove them.
14. Skin fungus
The manifestation of tinea versicolor in children is spots on the skin with unusual colors compared to other areas of the body. Fungal skin spots can be red, rough, white and cause a lot of itching for the baby, especially when the child is exposed to the sun and when he sweats a lot. In addition, children may also experience hair loss if fungi appear on the scalp. The disease is treated with topical or oral antifungal medications.
Whiteheads, eczema, impetigo, skin fungus, scabies or leech nests are skin conditions that appear quite common in babies. Therefore, parents need to know the signs of the disease and how to handle it to take the child to a medical facility in time to treat the child and not leave any health or cosmetic consequences on the child's skin. about later. As a key area of Vinmec Health System, Pediatrics Department always brings satisfaction to customers and is highly appreciated by industry experts with the following outstanding advantages:
Gathering a team of medical staff Leading Doctor of Pediatrics: includes leading experts, highly qualified (professor, associate professor, doctorate, master), experienced, worked in big hospitals like Bach Mai , 108.. The doctors are all well-trained, professional, conscientious, knowledgeable about young psychology. In addition to domestic pediatric specialists, the Department of Pediatrics also has the participation of foreign experts (Japan, Singapore, Australia, USA) who are always pioneers in applying the latest and most effective treatment regimens. . Comprehensive services: In the field of Pediatrics, Vinmec provides a chain of continuous medical examination and treatment services from Newborn to Pediatric and Vaccines,... according to international standards to help parents take care of their health. From birth to adulthood Specialized techniques: Vinmec has successfully deployed many specialized techniques to make the treatment of difficult diseases in Pediatrics more effective: neurosurgery - skull surgery, cell transplantation. hematopoietic stem in cancer treatment. Professional care: In addition to understanding children's psychology, Vinmec also pays special attention to the children's play space, helping them to have fun and get used to the hospital's environment, cooperate in treatment, improve the efficiency of medical treatment. In addition to the above advantages, Vinmec is now equipped with many modern medical equipment, standard medical machinery system, sterile space, avoiding infection, ensuring the safety of children during the procedure. medical examination and treatment. Parents can rest assured when using medical services at Vinmec.