Vaccines for children aged 13 -18 years old as recommended by CDC (USA)
In the middle school period from 13 to 18 years old, children need to continue to have annual health checks and fully update the immunization schedule. For this age group, it is necessary to pay attention to previously missed doses of vaccines, as well as to vaccinate before studying or traveling abroad.
1. Immunization schedule for children 13 years and older
The vaccines recommended in the immunization schedule for children 13 to 18 years old protect the body against the following diseases:
1.1. Flu - yearly Getting a flu shot every year is the best way to protect your child from flu and potentially serious complications. Influenza vaccines help reduce the risk of flu and hospital admissions in children, and sometimes even save lives. In people who have been vaccinated but still get the flu, the illness is also less severe.
Doctors recommend that children get a flu shot every year in the fall (around October), starting when they're 6 months old. Some children 6 months to 8 years old may need 2 doses of the vaccine for the best protection and to prevent the flu from spreading to family and friends, especially to children under 6 months of age who cannot yet receive the vaccine. flu vaccination.
Although the flu vaccine is very safe, it sometimes causes some mild side effects that are easily confused with the flu. Keep in mind that it takes about 2 weeks after your child gets vaccinated to build a strong immune system that is able to fight off the flu.
1.2. Meningitis (MenACWY) - 2nd dose Meningococcal conjugate vaccine (MenACWY) protects against four types (serogroups A, C, W and Y) of the bacteria Neisseria meningitidis. A second dose of MenACWY vaccine against meningitis is given to children at age 16, with two common brands being Menactra® or Menveo®.
Not only does this vaccine protect against the bacteria that cause meningococcal disease and the long-term disabilities it causes, it also protects children from infections of the lining of the brain and spinal cord, as well as blood infections.
Meningococcal shots are very safe and effective in preventing meningitis. Vaccines can cause the same side effects as all other medicines, but they are usually mild and go away on their own.
1.3. Meningococcal serogroup B (MenB) - 2 doses Meningococcal serogroup B vaccine protects the body against a type of meningococcal bacteria Neisseria meningitidis . Although the causative agent is different from the meningococcal conjunctivitis listed above, both share the same most common types of meningococcal infections. In addition, meningococcal serogroup B carries a risk of serious infection and even death.
The MenB vaccine is not part of the commonly required group of meningococcal vaccines (including strains A, C, Y, and W) and there is currently no widely licensed vaccine in some countries. Therefore, if concerned, the family should consult with the doctor about the vaccination against meningococcal serogroup B for children 16 - 23 years old. Two common brands of this vaccine are Bexsero® and Trumenba®.
2. Vaccinations before going abroad to study and travel
2.1. Vaccines before college Some universities and colleges, especially those abroad, will check a student's most up-to-date immunization history, from infancy through adolescence. adolescent age. Many states in the United States recommend, or even require, that all new students receive the meningococcal conjugate vaccine.
In addition, universities have also reported outbreaks of serogroup B meningococcal disease in students in the past few years. It should be noted that the meningococcal conjugate vaccine does not provide protection against serogroup B meningococcal disease. Parents should therefore adhere to the correct immunization schedule for children 13 years of age and older according to the schedule. CDC's recommendations, especially for families planning to send their children to study abroad.
2.2. Vaccinations before travel If you are planning to travel abroad, you need to allow at least 4-6 weeks before your trip to complete a series of missing vaccines. Sometimes it takes longer for the body to recover from the vaccination and strengthen the immunity again. Be sure to fully understand the recommendations and requirements regarding vaccinations in the country you plan to travel to.
3. Missed Vaccines
If a child has entered the high school years but misses some of the required vaccines on the immunization schedule for children 13 years of age and younger, parents need to bring their child's immunization record and consult a doctor to Full supplemental injection. Vaccines your child may have missed include:
HPV; Tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis (DTaP); Meningitis (MenACWY); Hepatitis A (HepA); Hepatitis B (HepB); Polio (IPV); Measles, mumps, rubella (MMR); Chickenpox (varicella). In summary, the immunization schedule for children 13 years of age and older still includes the flu vaccine by the end of October each year. There is also an additional dose of meningococcal combination vaccine when the child is 16 years old. If interested, parents can also discuss with their doctor about getting the meningococcal serogroup B vaccine.
When planning to travel or study outside of the country, be sure to get vaccinated before study abroad and visit at the request of the host country. Teens entering college (living away from home) should keep a separate, up-to-date copy of all previous immunizations for presentation to the health care facility as needed.
Vinmec International General Hospital is a medical facility that uses high quality vaccines of clear origin, suitable for each age to be vaccinated, ensuring safety from the stage of registration, storage to when put into use.
For direct advice or to schedule an appointment to vaccinate your child at Vinmec, parents please book an appointment HERE or contact HOTLINE:
Vinmec Times City - Hanoi: 024 3974 3556 Vinmec Ha Long: 0203 3828 188 Vinmec Hai Phong : 0225 730 9888 Vinmec Da Nang : 0236 3711 111 Vinmec Nha Trang : 0258 3900 168 Vinmec Central Park - City. Ho Chi Minh City : 028 3622 1166 Vinmec Phu Quoc : 0297 398 5588 Vinmec Royal City Clinic - Hanoi: 024 3975 6887 Vinmec Saigon Clinic - (028) 3520 3366 Vinmec Gardenia Clinic - Hanoi: 024 3975 6788 Vinmec Metropolis - Hanoi: 024 3975 6886
Reference source: cdc.gov