Treatment of anemia in people with chronic kidney failure
1. What is anemia in chronic kidney failure?
However, if the body is deficient in erythropoietin, the red blood cells will not be able to continue to differentiate, so people with chronic kidney failure often become anemic. To put it simply, when a patient's kidney function is partially lost forever, anemia will be produced, which can begin in the first stage of kidney failure and progress gradually. with the severity of chronic renal failure.
2. Causes of anemia in chronic kidney failure
The main cause of anemia in people with kidney disease can include blood loss from hemodialysis and a decrease in the amount of nutrients such as iron, vitamin B12, folic acid ... found in food. daily use.
In addition, anemia in chronic kidney failure can also be caused by a number of reasons such as:
Other problems related to the patient's bone marrow; Patients have inflammatory problems such as arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease ... in which the body's immune system will attack cells and organs in the patient's body.
3. Symptoms of anemia in chronic kidney failure
The body is visibly weakened, always feeling tired; Headaches and decreased concentration; Dizziness, pale skin; Shortness of breath or loss of breath; Chest pain; Abnormally fast heart rate.
4. How to diagnose anemia in chronic kidney failure?
5. Treatment of anemia in people with chronic kidney failure
Iron supplement: Can be used orally or intravenously (rarely used): Using drugs to stimulate erythropoiesis (currently available in injection form, oral form is available in foreign markets). The drug helps people with chronic kidney failure minimize the risk of blood transfusion. Transfusion of red blood cells when the patient has acute blood loss or severe chronic anemia with an indication for blood transfusion. Use caution in patients awaiting kidney transplantation.
Therefore, when being diagnosed with anemia, chronic kidney failure patients need to absolutely follow the doctor's treatment instructions and can be combined with a nutritious diet, increase Blood-tonic foods and regular rest can help improve the condition of the disease and improve the effectiveness of treatment.
Master. Doctor. Nguyen Thi Thanh Thuy is a nephrologist with more than 15 years of experience in diagnosing and treating medical kidney disease, hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, pre-transplant screening and post-transplant monitoring. Currently, Dr. Thuy is working at the Department of General Internal Medicine - Vinmec Central Park International General Hospital.
Để đặt lịch khám tại viện, Quý khách vui lòng bấm số HOTLINE hoặc đặt lịch trực tiếp TẠI ĐÂY. Tải và đặt lịch khám tự động trên ứng dụng MyVinmec để được giảm ngay 15% phí khám khi đặt hẹn khám lần đầu trên toàn hệ thống Vinmec (áp dụng từ 17/10 - 31/12/2022). Quý khách cũng có thể quản lý, theo dõi lịch và đặt hẹn tư vấn từ xa qua video với các bác sĩ Vinmec mọi lúc mọi nơi ngay trên ứng dụng.