What is a reproductive health checkup?

The article was professionally consulted with Specialist Doctor II Huynh Thi Hien - Obstetrician and Gynecologist - Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology - Vinmec Nha Trang International General Hospital.

1. What is a reproductive health check?

In fact, reproductive health screening can be applied from the moment a person becomes fertile until marriage. It is recommended that young people go to the doctor at least 3-6 months before planning to have a baby. Pre-marital health check helps young people who are about to have children to understand their situation well, to have the best preparation. In fact, at present, many people are still afraid to check their reproductive health and pre-marital health because they are afraid that if the disease is detected, it will affect the couple's happiness. They also think that they are suspicious of each other before going to the doctor, this also partly affects the psychology and emotions of couples.
Bộ gen người có đặc điểm, tính chất gì?
Kiểm tra và phát hiện những bệnh rối loạn di truyền giúp phòng ngừa dị tật bẩm sinh
However, checking reproductive health before pregnancy is not only a science, but also a responsibility for not only each person but also for future happiness. Reproductive health examination helps couples:
Prepare the right knowledge and psychology for married life to have the most comfortable, satisfying and safe sex life. Detecting infectious diseases, sexually transmitted diseases, such as hepatitis B or HIV, sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea, syphilis... Screening and detecting diseases related to problems fertility topic. Checking and detecting genetic disorders: Preventing diseases and birth defects for future children, preparing women with health conditions for safe pregnancy and childbirth later . Implement a planned birth in the most effective way. Avoid unwanted pregnancies, unsafe abortions, and implement planned births in the most effective way.

2. What do reproductive health checks need?

Pre-marital health examination includes: General health examination and reproductive health examination. The main items to check are:
2.1. General health examination Overall health directly affects the ability as well as the reproductive process. General health examination includes:
General health check: blood pressure, weight, height, eyesight, blood tests, urine, abdominal ultrasound... Check for infectious diseases through sex such as: gonorrhea, syphilis, chancroid, hepatitis B, genital warts, fungus, ... or not. Review the medical history of both husband and wife: any previous diseases, any surgeries, cardiovascular, infectious diseases, work environment with exposure to toxic substances, accidents, injuries Infectious diseases: measles, chickenpox, rubella, dengue fever, influenza, encephalitis, tuberculosis, cholera, diarrhea...
Mẹ bị viêm gan b có chọc ối được không
Nếu xét nghiệm thấy viêm gan B, vợ chồng trẻ cần sự tư vấn của bác sĩ để phòng bệnh cho con sau này
2.2. Reproductive health examination Reproductive health examination helps you detect abnormalities in the structure of your genitals, check for infections and sexually transmitted diseases.
For men:
Genitourinary examination: Examination of the two testicles and manifestations of sexual development such as erection, ejaculation... to assess male fertility. Bilateral testicular ultrasound (CCHA). Semen Analysis, FSH/Follicular stimulating hormone test, LH/Luteinizing hormoneTestosterone test. Making semen will help evaluate and predict fertility, the ability to conceive naturally. If the semen has abnormal signs, the man will be treated immediately to avoid affecting his life later. For women
Through genital examination, the doctor will detect infection or abnormality (if any) for timely treatment before marriage. Ultrasound of the uterus and ovaries to detect abnormal signs that many women have such as: ovarian cysts, blocked fallopian tubes, uterine fibroids... Breast cancer screening: Double breast ultrasound Genetic screening side
In case one of two people's family has a history of diseases related to malformations, mental disorders, mental retardation, genetic diseases, etc., it is necessary to check genes and chromosomes to check to see if you are a healthy carrier of the genetic disease gene or not.
If the couple intends to have a baby, consult a doctor to be vaccinated against diseases that can affect the fetus such as Rubella, influenza, mumps, measles, chickenpox...

3. Where is the reproductive health check?

Gói khám tiền hôn nhân nâng cao
Khám tiền hôn nhân nâng cao tại Bệnh viện Đa khoa Quốc tế Vinmec
Couples who want to have reproductive health check-ups can go to the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department of provincial and city hospitals; The Hospital's Orthopedic Department. Some Reproductive Health Care Centers and Preventive Medicine Centers can now also perform reproductive health checks with high accuracy.
According to doctors, couples should plan to have a checkup before planning to give birth about 03-06 months, to ensure the health of the baby in the future. Conducting pre-marital health checks of young couples is also considered a form of screening step one in improving population quality.
Currently, Vinmec International General Hospital is implementing advanced and basic pre-marital examination packages, with many tests using modern equipment as well as a team of experienced doctors. give young families the best preparation.

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