What is normal vaginal pH?
1. What is the normal vaginal pH?
The pH of the vagina - whether it is acidic or alkaline plays an important part in determining if it is healthy or not.
2. What is the normal vaginal pH?
During a woman's reproductive years (ages 15 to 49), vaginal pH should be 4.5 or less. But before menstruation and after menopause, normal pH levels tend to be higher than 4.5.
An acidic vaginal environment will have a protective function. It creates a barrier that prevents bad bacteria and yeast from multiplying too quickly and causing infection.
A high vaginal pH - above 4.5 - provides the perfect environment for pathogenic bacteria to grow. A high vaginal pH puts you at risk for these infections:
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is an overgrowth of bacteria that causes a fishy odor, along with colored vaginal discharge unusual gray, white or yellow. It can also lead to vaginal itching and burning while urinating. BV is not necessarily harmful by itself, but women who have it are at increased risk for more serious infections such as human papillomavirus (HPV), herpes simplex virus, and HIV. Trichomonas (trich) is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by the parasite Trichomonas vaginalis. Trich usually causes no symptoms in the majority of people who are infected, but it can increase the risk of other, more serious STDs, like HIV. An acidic vagina usually does not cause disease. But if the acidity increases too much, it can reduce fertility. Sperm thrive in an alkaline environment. The optimal pH for them to swim is between 7.0 and 8.5. During sex, the pH inside the vagina temporarily increases, making the normally acidic environment more alkaline to protect the sperm so they can reach the egg.
3. Causes of vaginal pH imbalance
4. Signs and symptoms of vaginal pH imbalance
5. How to adjust vaginal pH to normal level?
To treat bacterial vaginosis or trichomoniasis, your doctor may prescribe one of these antibiotics with a pill or cream:
Clindamycin (Cleocin) for BV Metronidazole (Flagyl) for BV or trichomonas Tinidazole (Tindamax) for BV or trichomonas
6. How to maintain a normal vaginal pH
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