Reye's syndrome in children with aspirin use
Although it is a fairly familiar drug, it can be used to treat a number of different diseases, but patients need to take Aspirin as directed by the doctor, not on their own to prevent some side effects. of drugs, including Reye's syndrome in children.
Aspirin is a drug quite familiar to many people, has been used for many years. Aspirin has a very popular analgesic and antipyretic effect. Aspirin is also available in a variety of forms, from powder for injection (with ampoule of distilled water) or tablets, capsules or capsules, effervescent tablets and even powdered tablets for oral administration for children. .... The content of aspirin in each dosage form is also different, depending on the disease and age, there are dosage forms and appropriate doses.
Aspirin and paracetamol or ibuprofen are medicines that can be bought easily at pharmacies and are quite safe when used in reasonable small doses. However, with aspirin, there is an increased risk of Reye's syndrome in children, so this medicine should not be used in children under 16 years of age, unless specifically directed by a doctor.
2. Learn about Reye's syndrome in children
The illness caused by taking aspirin is known as Reye's syndrome when taking aspirin. Reye's syndrome in children, although very rare, is extremely serious, this syndrome can cause swelling in the brain and liver, affecting the health and development of children recovering from viral infections. flu or chickenpox...
Reye's syndrome in children, if there are signs of convulsions, confusion, loss of consciousness, it is necessary to receive urgent treatment and the right regimen to have a chance to save the child's life. When infected, observing under the microscope will see solid viscera such as pancreas, heart, kidney, spleen, especially fatty infiltrated liver. Nonspecific brain injury, with cerebral edema, white matter edema, lateral ventricular compression.
3. What are the symptoms of Reye's syndrome?
Symptoms of Reye's syndrome in children usually appear about 3-7 days after infection with the virus begins. Patients may develop symptoms within a few hours or 1-2 days, symptoms include:
As liver and brain damage becomes more severe, other symptoms may develop as follows:
Exacerbation exhibiting violent behavior such as hitting others for no reason Convulsions and coma Rapid and forceful breathing Sudden nausea or vomiting Lack of energy and loss of interest in things Not knowing where you are, a loved one or a friend friends, unable to answer simple questions Strange behavior such as staring, personality changes, and stuttering Drowsiness.
4. Causes of Reye's syndrome in children
In fact, there are many possible causes of Reye's syndrome in children, however, children are most at risk of developing this syndrome when:
There is an underlying disorder of fatty acid oxidation Use aspirin to treat viral infections when you have the flu, chickenpox, or an upper respiratory infection
5. How can Reye's syndrome be prevented?
Aspirin is a drug that has many different brand names (brand names) and is very commonly used, this drug is sold without a prescription, so people can buy it for themselves. This increases the risk of Reye's syndrome in children.
Currently, to prevent Reye's syndrome in children, people need to strictly adhere to the principle of aspirin therapy only when prescribed by a doctor. If your child has chickenpox, the flu or a respiratory illness, do not use aspirin to treat it, but use another type of antipyretic and pain reliever. In addition, when giving medicines to children, it is necessary to pay attention to some products containing aspirin such as Alka- Seltzer, Acetylsalicylic acid, Acetylsalicylate, Salicylic acid, Salicylate.
In all cases, before taking the medicine, it is necessary to carefully read the label and instructions for use to avoid accidentally giving aspirin to children
Reye is a potentially life-threatening syndrome if not get emergency treatment in a timely manner. Therefore, parents need to learn about the signs of this syndrome and quickly take the child to the hospital when the child shows signs of mental illness such as confusion, apathy, loss of consciousness... to be examined. and timely treatment, preventing unfortunate consequences from occurring.
Pediatrics department at Vinmec International General Hospital system is the address for receiving and examining diseases that infants and young children are susceptible to: viral fever, bacterial fever, otitis media, pneumonia in children, ... With modern equipment, sterile space, minimizing the impact as well as the risk of disease spread. Along with that is the dedication from experienced doctors who specialize in pediatric patients, making the examination no longer a concern for parents.
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