Uses of Fotax
Fotax belongs to the group of antiparasitic, anti-infective, antiviral, antifungal drugs and is prepared in powder form for intramuscular or intravenous injection. The composition of the drug Fotax is Cefotaxime indicated in the treatment of blood infections, infections of bones and joints.
1. Mechanism of action of the drug Fotax
Fotax medicine is divided into 2 types, Fotax 1g and Fotax 2g, containing the main ingredient is Cefotaxime, an antibiotic of the 3rd generation Cephalosporin group with strong antibacterial properties. Fotax drug when entering the body is absorbed quite quickly, then about 40% of the drug is bound to plasma proteins. Fotax is also widely distributed in both tissues and fluids. Drug concentrations in the CSF can reach therapeutic levels, especially in the case of meningitis. Cefotaxime crosses the placenta and may be present in breast milk. In the liver, Cefotaxime is metabolized to Desacetyl cefotaxime and inactive metabolites. Fotax is mainly excreted by the kidneys with about 40 - 60% unchanged.
2. Indications for use of Fotax
Fotax is indicated for the treatment of the following conditions:
Blood infections; Bone infections, joint infections; Pericarditis caused by gram-positive and gram-negative cocci; Meningitis; Treatment of skin and soft tissue infections, abdominal, gynecological, obstetric, lower respiratory, urinary, gonorrhea; Prophylaxis of infection during surgery. However, Fotax is contraindicated in cases of hypersensitivity to the components of the drug.
3. Dosage and how to use Fotax
Fotax is used intravenously or intramuscularly.
For adults, the treatment of uncomplicated infections is recommended using a dose of Fotax 1 gram every 12 hours intravenously and intramuscularly. In case of severe infection, meningitis, use Fotax drug with a concentration of 2 grams for 6 to 8 hours. Treatment of uncomplicated gonorrhea using a single dose of 1 gram and intramuscular injection. In the prevention of surgical infections, Fotax is used with a concentration of 1 gram and injected within 30 minutes before performing surgery. For children, children 2 months or under 12 years of age, use Fotax drug at a dose of 50 - 150mg/kg/day and divided into 3 to 4 times, intravenously or intramuscularly. For infants over 7 days, use Fotax at a dose of 75 - 150mg/kg/day and divided into 2 intravenous injections Premature babies and newborns under 7 days use Fotax at a dose of 50mg/kg/day and divided into 2 intravenous injections. It should be noted: The above recommended dose of Fotax is for reference only. Therefore, before using Fotax, patients need to follow the doctor's instructions.
4. Side effects when using Fotax
Fotax medicine can cause some unwanted side effects during treatment. However, with each case of Fotax drug side effects can occur in varying degrees from mild to severe.
Some common side effects caused by Fotax include: Constipation, diarrhea, feeling of bloating, headache, dizziness,... These side effects may occur at the beginning of treatment or after increasing the dose of Fotax. Usually, side effects from Fotax can be transient or subside over time.
However, in some cases Fotax medicine can cause serious unwanted side effects with rare reactions. These reactions may appear within minutes of using Fotax or longer within a few days. When serious side effects appear such as: hypersensitivity, eosinophilia, pseudomembranous colitis, hematologic changes, hallucinations, arrhythmia... the patient should stop using Fotax and go to the hospital. medical facility for immediate medical assistance.
Some notes in the process of using Fotax:
For pregnant and lactating women, caution should be exercised when using Fotax. Patients should be advised to use Fotax from their doctor, and carefully analyze the benefits and risks before using the drug. Fotax may change how it works as well as increase its side effects. Therefore, in order to avoid Fotax drug interactions, patients should provide their doctor with a list of previously used drugs, including prescription and non-prescription drugs, herbs,... When using Fotax, it is important to pay attention when using Fotax. manifestations of an allergic reaction to the drug. Patients should notify their doctor so that they can promptly treat side effects of the drug. Fotax is quite sensitive to penicillin and people with kidney failure. Therefore, these cases should be noted when using the drug. Above is all information about Fotax medicine, patients need to carefully read the instructions for use, consult a doctor / pharmacist before using. Note, Fotax is a prescription drug, so patients are absolutely not allowed to buy drugs for home treatment because they may experience unwanted side effects.