Hematuria: Diagnosis and treatment
Blood in urine is an abnormality that requires immediate attention, anyone who develops hematuria at any time should see a doctor as soon as possible, to diagnose the cause and treat. suitable.
1. What is bloody urine?
Hematuria is an abnormal phenomenon when red blood cells appear in the urine. There are two types of hematuria: gross hematuria (observed directly with the naked eye when the urine is pink or red due to too many red blood cells, which changes the color of the urine) and microscopic hematuria. The number of red blood cells in the urine is small, so it does not change the color of the urine, red blood cells can only be detected through testing).
See your doctor immediately if you notice blood in your urine. Certain medications (such as the laxative Ex-lax) and certain foods (including beets, rhubarb, berries, etc.) can cause urine to appear red. However, a change in urine color caused by medication, food, or even exercise shouldn't cause problems and should clear up on its own in a day or two.
Blood in the urine is completely different from the change in color of urine due to other causes, but based on the sense of color change alone, it will be difficult to distinguish, so it is necessary to see a doctor .
2. Diagnosing bloody urine
Diagnosing hematuria is very simple, because only the abnormal appearance of red blood cells in the urine can confirm hematuria. However, the doctor needs to conduct more techniques and tests to clarify the cause of hematuria:
Clinical examination, including taking the patient's medical history. Urinalysis: Urinalysis is a mandatory test to determine whether there are red blood cells in the urine, and urine tests are also capable of detecting urinary tract infections as well as urinary tract infections. There are a number of other causes that can cause blood in the urine. Imaging techniques: Performing an imaging test to find the cause of hematuria is a must in most cases of hematuria. The commonly indicated imaging techniques are ultrasound, computed tomography scan (CT scan) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI scan). Cystoscopy: The doctor will use a flexible bronchoscope to go back from the urethra into the bladder to directly observe the urethra as well as the bladder to find pathological manifestations. Sometimes the cause of hematuria is not immediately known, and in that case, the doctor will recommend the patient to have follow-up tests, especially if the patient has the following factors: risk factors for bladder cancer, such as smoking, exposure to toxic environments, or a history of radiation therapy.
3. Treatment of hematuria
The treatment of hematuria is relatively diverse, depending on the cause of the hematuria. The commonly used treatment methods are using antibiotics to treat urinary tract infections, using drugs to treat enlarged prostate or using lithotripsy techniques to treat kidney stones and stones. bladder . In certain cases, no treatment may be needed.
Pay attention to always follow the treatment prescribed by the doctor to ensure that blood in the urine will not recur.
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Articles refer to sources: NHS, Mayoclinic.org, webmd.com, healthline.com
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