Hormone replacement therapy: Benefits and risks
1. What is hormone replacement therapy?
Some hormone replacement drugs for the treatment of menopausal symptoms are estrogen and progestogen. In 2002, research by the National Institute of Health's The Women's Health Initiative produced mixed results on all causes of death. In association with hormone replacement therapy, in older patients, the incidence of breast cancer, stroke and heart attack increases, and the incidence of colorectal cancer and fractures decreases.
In another UK study, results showed a sharp drop in the number of women taking hormone replacement therapy and it was recommended that women on noninvasive menopause take the highest dose of postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy in their lifetime. shortest time to help reduce the risks involved.
2. Benefits of hormone replacement therapy
In addition, timely estrogen supplementation is also very beneficial to the cardiovascular system and the condition of atherosclerosis, increasing sex drive, increasing memory, increasing brain perfusion and reducing the risk of Alzheimer's disease.. for menopausal women.
3. Risks from using hormone replacement therapy
Women entering menopause are very susceptible to cardiovascular diseases or blood pressure. Therefore, the use of hormone replacement therapy excessively causing the body to add too much estrogen will lower cholesterol but increase triglycerides and increase blood clotting. Therefore, people with cardiovascular disease, weight gain, and high blood pressure should avoid using this therapy.
In addition, when using hormone replacement drugs not exactly prescribed by the doctor, poor monitoring and prolonged use will cause harms such as endometrial hyperplasia, increasing the risk of endometrial cancer. supply and breast diseases, hypertension and thrombotic diseases...
Harmful effects of hormone replacement drugs on the body will be more severe in cases where there is a family member with breast cancer or Cervical cancer, people with unexplained vaginal bleeding, cervical or ovarian tumour, or liver and biliary diseases, cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular accident, high blood pressure, diabetes, lupus erythematosus... and especially pregnant women.a
4. How to supplement estrogen effectively?
Do not combine many forms of hormone replacement medicine at the same time because this will easily lead to overdose and experience side effects. If you see symptoms such as breast tenderness, pain, bloating, nausea, weight gain, these are symptoms of estrogen overdose, patients should stop using the drug and see a doctor. for more specific advice.
Each body will have a unique dose of estrogen response, so use under the advice of a specialist and read the instructions carefully before use. Cases of supplementing hormone replacement drugs need to strictly follow the doctor's prescription and regular monitoring, absolutely do not share hormone replacement prescriptions with others to avoid possible unfortunate consequences. .
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