Symptoms of hypocalcemia are common in infants
1. The importance of calcium for infant development
Not only affects bones and teeth, calcium also affects nerve conduction, especially brain development, helps regulate heart rate and plays an important role in blood clotting.
If not providing enough calcium for children, hypocalcemia in newborns will occur and cause a type of serious complications affecting the health of children, even death such as muscle cramps, stunting. bones, and many other diseases.
2. Why can hypocalcemia in children occur?
Children do not get regular sunbathing or sunbathe incorrectly, leading to vitamin D deficiency leading to ineffective calcium absorption. The mother in the process of breastfeeding does not add enough nutrients, especially calcium, leading to the child not being able to absorb calcium through breast milk The child has congenital thyroid defects During the reproductive process, the child has Asphyxiation due to lack of oxygen Some children have sequelae because the mother during pregnancy has gestational diabetes or pregnancy poisoning ... Low levels of albumin, blood magnesium.
3. Common manifestations of hypocalcemia in infants
Parents need to know the manifestations of hypocalcemia in children in general and in infants in particular so that they can respond promptly if this happens: The child is crying, refuses to eat or suck, or Dozed off and easily startled Children are less active or sluggish, breathing harder, grinding their teeth, and sometimes having trouble breathing. Muscle cramps occur, if more severe, convulsions, tremors, or seizures. Children's hair falls out in the form of a turban at the nape of the neck, this is a typical sign to recognize hypocalcemia in infants Increased tendon reflexes: Parents can check by performing the chvostek sign by tapping on it. 2cm in front of the outer ear ridge and observe the baby's facial muscles, if you see muscle contractions in the facial areas, it shows that the child may have hypocalcemia, it is necessary to take the child to the doctor to check more clearly.
4. Prevention and treatment of hypocalcemia in children
Hypocalcemia in children in general and infants in particular, if detected and treated early, will not have too much influence on the child's development. However, parents should pay attention to the following preventive measures to help minimize hypocalcemia that may happen to their children:
At different ages, the amount of calcium you need to supplement for The body will also be different, so parents can consult a pediatrician or nutritionist about the child's diet to supplement the necessary nutrients, including: calcium.
For infants, the main source of calcium comes from breast milk, so the mother also needs to pay attention to adequate calcium intake through diet. Should eat calcium-rich foods such as milk or dairy products, egg yolks, grains, vegetables with dark green color.
Every day, children should sunbathe properly from 3 to 10 minutes before 9 am and after 3 pm, sunbathing will help the body synthesize vitamin D, which is a transmitter that helps the body absorb calcium better.
Do not arbitrarily let children use drugs or calcium supplements without consulting a doctor, excess calcium supplements also cause bad consequences for children.
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