Causes of anal swelling

This is an automatically translated article.

Many medical conditions can cause anal pain, discomfort, and quality of life. In order to treat this condition, it is necessary to know the cause of the disease.

The anus is the last part of the digestive tract, only about 3cm long, plays the role of expelling waste to the outside environment. The anus contains pathogenic microorganisms, so there are many reasons why this part is painful. Here are some common causes of anal pain:

1. Anal fissure

An anal fissure is a condition that causes a tear in the anal canal, usually in people who suffer from frequent constipation or chronic diarrhea. When the stool is dry and hard, the patient has to push, causing a tear in the anus, the symptoms of this condition include:
Burning pain and a lot of anal bleeding, especially the patient feels a lot of pain and may bleed blood in stools after defecation; Uncomfortable itching and swelling of the anus after defecation; The skin around the anus has cracks and excess skin appears. Mild anal fissures can be alleviated if the patient is not constipated or has diarrhea. But when it's severe, it causes pain and bleeding and requires treatment.

2. Abscess of the anal area

Perianal abscess is an infection caused by bacteria. When the perianal abscess is not treated early, it will grow to enlarge and burst, the patient will see pus draining out, which can cause anal fistula. When having anal abscess, the patient also has symptoms such as fatigue, fever, itching, blood and mucus in the stool.
Abscess status can increase the risk of cross-contamination to neighboring organs and cause many complications such as anal fistula, sepsis ... Anal abscess needs to be treated with antibiotics, antibiotics inflammation, drain the abscess and clean the anal area.
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3. Anal fistula

This is a common complication caused by an anorectal abscess not being treated early and properly.
Anal fistula is a condition in which one or more fistulas appear from the inside of the anus to the perineum. Anal fistula causes patients to have anal swelling, pain, and itching at the anus; bloody stools or mucus in the stool; discharge with an unpleasant odor.
Treatment of anal fistula requires surgery to remove the fistula.

4. Hemorrhoids can cause the anus to swell

Hemorrhoids are also a common cause of anal swelling. Hemorrhoids are varicose veins of the hemorrhoid, causing blood stasis and creating a tuft-like structure. Those at high risk for treatment include:
Chronic constipation; Pregnant women; People with chronic bronchitis... Hemorrhoids are divided into 3 types, including internal hemorrhoids, external hemorrhoids and mixed hemorrhoids. The division depends on the location of the hemorrhoids. Varicose veins that occur below the dentate line are called external hemorrhoids and above the dentate line are called internal hemorrhoids, while hemorrhoids that appear either above or below the dentate line are called mixed hemorrhoids.
In addition to symptoms of anal swelling, the patient may have other symptoms including:
Anal itching sensation. Bleeding after defecation, if severe, may appear when doing heavy work. Anal pain. Feel the hemorrhoid sticking out. When the anus is swollen and painful due to hemorrhoids, the patient should control the diet to avoid constipation, do not do hard labor, limit sitting for a long time in one position and need to combine drug or surgical treatment when Other measures are not effective.

5. The anus is swollen with inflammation of the anal canal

Anal inflammation is an inflammation that occurs in the anal canal, the cause of the disease can be caused by diseases such as enteritis, anal infection or chronic diarrhea, some bad eating habits such as the use of spicy and spicy dishes... is also the cause of this disease.
Swollen anus in anal disease may be accompanied by other signs including:
Blood in the stool and pain when passing stools. Itching sensation in the anal area. Or feel sad to go to the toilet.. Pain in the lower abdomen.

6. Crohn's disease

Crohn's disease is also a cause of a swollen anus. Crohn's disease most commonly causes ulcers in the inner wall of the small intestine, the jejunum and colon, but can affect any part of the digestive tract, including the anus. Common symptoms of Crohn's disease include:
Lower abdominal pain, diarrhea. Painful swelling around the anus. Patients often have a fever. Unusual discharge from the anus and painful swelling. Crohn's disease usually cannot be cured, but medication can be used to reduce the progression. In addition, it is necessary to screen for the risk of anal - rectal cancer early because this disease increases the risk of gastrointestinal cancer.
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7. Anal Cancer

Anal cancer This condition is quite rare, it is caused by the abnormal growth of cells in the anus. When the anus is swollen, pain can also be a sign of anal cancer. Manifestations of anal cancer may include:
Anal bleeding. Itching and burning sensation in the anus. Discomfort in the anal and rectal area. Abnormal discharge from the anus. Change in bowel habits such as frequent constipation or diarrhea. Abnormal mass was found in the anorectal region. The signs of anal cancer are relatively similar to those of other diseases, so it is difficult to distinguish.
The above are possible causes of anal swelling. To know "what to do with a swollen anus", you need to determine the cause of the disease. Depending on the cause, there are different treatments. To prevent the disease, you should clean the genital area, eat a suitable diet to avoid digestive disorders and visit a doctor when there are abnormal manifestations.

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This article is written for readers from Sài Gòn, Hà Nội, Hồ Chí Minh, Phú Quốc, Nha Trang, Hạ Long, Hải Phòng, Đà Nẵng.


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