What are Fibroids? Causes and symptoms

This is an automatically translated article.

The article was professionally consulted by Specialist Doctor I Tran Thi Phuong Loan - Obstetrician - Obstetrics and Gynecology Department - Vinmec Phu Quoc International General Hospital
Many women have fibroids at some point in their lives, but many don't realize it because fibroids often don't cause any pain or symptoms.

1. What are uterine fibroids?


Uterine fibroids, also known as uterine myomas, are muscle tumors that can grow on a woman's uterus. These are benign tumours. They rarely turn cancerous,
Fibroids vary in size, shape and location, from within the uterine cavity, the uterine wall or on the surface of the uterus. Fibroids can also adhere to the uterus in a stalk-like or root-like structure.
Some fibroids are so small that the doctor can hardly see them with the naked eye, while others grow so large that they change the size and structure of the uterus.
Uterine fibroids most often appear in women of childbearing age - usually between the ages of 30 and 40, but they can appear at any age.

2. Symptoms of uterine fibroids


Some women are discovered fibroids during routine examination or ultrasound. Uterine fibroids often have no symptoms, but if they do, they will:
Heavy menstrual bleeding or heavy menstrual pain (submucosal cysts) Pain, pain, or swelling in the lower abdomen Large abdomen or uterus than usual Constipation Frequent need to urinate or difficulty emptying the bladder Pain during sex Miscarriage or infertility can occur with fibroids located in the lining of the uterus
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3. Causes of uterine fibroids


Experts have not yet figured out why uterine fibroids appear. However, hormones and genetics are two factors that can make you more likely to develop fibroids.
3.1 The hormones Estrogen and progesterone are hormones that cause the lining of your uterus to thicken each month during the active period of your menstrual cycle. They also seem to affect fibroid growth. As hormone production slows down during menopause, fibroids often shrink.
3.2 Genetics Researchers have found genetic differences between fibroids and normal cells in the uterus.
Besides age and race, there are a few other factors that can increase your risk of developing fibroids, such as family history. You're more likely to get fibroids if your mother or sister has had them.
Many other factors can also contribute to an increased risk of uterine fibroids, including:
Menstruation early Using birth control methods Vitamin D deficiency Eating too much red meat but not enough green vegetables, fruits or produce dairy products Abuse of alcohol
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4. Methods to prevent uterine fibroids


There is no real way to prevent fibroids to date, but studies show that certain lifestyles can reduce your risk.
One study found that a diet high in sugar may be associated with a higher risk in some women. Another study found that eating fresh fruits and cruciferous vegetables like arugula, broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, collard greens, and turnip greens may lower your odds. Cruciferous vegetables are rich in beta-carotene, folate, vitamins C, E and K, and other minerals. They are also full of fiber.
Regular exercise can also reduce the risk of uterine fibroids for women.
In addition, regular gynecological examination plays a very important part in the prevention and prevention of uterine fibroids. The basic gynecological examination and screening package of Vinmec International General Hospital is deployed to help women screen and detect the earliest signs of gynecological diseases, thereby having a course of treatment. suitable and protect the reproductive function of women in the most comprehensive way.

Please dial HOTLINE for more information or register for an appointment HERE. Download MyVinmec app to make appointments faster and to manage your bookings easily.

Article reference source: Webmd.com
This article is written for readers from Sài Gòn, Hà Nội, Hồ Chí Minh, Phú Quốc, Nha Trang, Hạ Long, Hải Phòng, Đà Nẵng.

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