Beware of atopic dermatitis in the dry season

Atopic dermatitis is a chronic atopic dermatitis. Atopic dermatitis makes the patient itchy and uncomfortable. This is a common disease in dry weather, so it is necessary to pay attention to prevention and care and protection of the skin.

1. Overview of atopic dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis is a chronic and recurrent inflammatory skin disease. The disease often appears in locations such as the face, wrists, areas with folds, ... People with atopic dermatitis are also at risk of other allergic diseases such as allergic rhinitis or bronchial asthma ,...

2. Causes and factors causing atopic dermatitis


Currently, the cause of atopic dermatitis is not clearly defined. Researchers suggest that genetics combined with environmental factors may be responsible for atopic dermatitis or make dermatitis symptoms worse.
Common genetic allergies are: poultry meat and eggs, cow's milk, goat's milk, seafood (shrimp, crab, fish), pollen, pet dander... Environmental factors The environment triggers symptoms of atopic dermatitis such as: dry weather, low environmental humidity, hot showers that reduce moisture on the skin, sudden temperature changes, chemical allergies from soap , cleaning agents, cosmetics, perfumery, fertilizers, pesticides, gasoline, oil, smoke; or have skin infections, especially those caused by Staphylococcus aureus; or traumatized.

3. How does atopic dermatitis manifest?


Atopic dermatitis has very diverse clinical manifestations. Depending on the stage of the lesion, the disease has different typical symptoms.
Acute stage: On the skin appears a red area with a round shape, the surface is slippery and there are vesicles, inflammatory exudate, around edema. These rash areas cause itching and burning sensation, causing people with atopic dermatitis to scratch a lot, especially at night. Chronic stage: Red papules on keratosis, scaly skin, dyspigmentation. When the patient scratches a lot, it can cause serious skin damage such as peeling, thickening, cracking, and crusting yellow fluid. Lesions often appear in the folds of the extremities, especially the hands.
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4. How to treat and care for atopic dermatitis?


4.1 Treatment of atopic dermatitis Patients with atopic dermatitis need to closely cooperate with the doctor in treatment, should not arbitrarily stop using the drug when there are signs of remission. The treatment regimen for atopic dermatitis is as follows:
Use moisturizer to combat dry skin. Use topical corticosteroids for a short time, then apply tacrolimus and moisturizer for a long time to limit the recurrence of atopic dermatitis. Use topical or oral antibiotics to fight staph infections. Use an antihistamine to combat itching. 4.2 Care for atopic dermatitis Avoid scratching or rubbing the damaged skin. Apply moisturizer daily to prevent dry skin, limit itching. Limit exposure to allergens. How to prevent atopic dermatitis in the dry season? Limit exposure to allergens such as cosmetics, chemicals, and foods. When the weather is dry and the seasons change, it is necessary to be wary of the occurrence or recurrence of the disease. When symptoms appear, seek medical attention immediately. Maintain good physical hygiene and a clean living environment. Patients with atopic dermatitis should shower with warm water instead of cold water. You should drink enough water every day and have a nutritious diet to strengthen your resistance.
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When the weather is dry, it will create conditions for dermatitis in general and atopic dermatitis in particular to appear and recur. Therefore, patients need to be vigilant and prevent the disease.
At Vinmec International General Hospital, there is a package of examination and advice on treatment of atopic dermatitis to help customers assess the overall condition of the disease and advise on measures to help prevent recurrence.
When registering for a package of examination and consultation for treatment of atopic dermatitis, customers will receive: Dermatology specialist examination. Perform tests such as: quantitative IgE, fresh mycobacteria, specific IgE quantification with respiratory allergens - food (Panel 1 Viet), test Rida Allergy Screen (panel 1)...

Để đặt lịch khám tại viện, Quý khách vui lòng bấm số HOTLINE hoặc đặt lịch trực tiếp TẠI ĐÂY. Tải và đặt lịch khám tự động trên ứng dụng MyVinmec để quản lý, theo dõi lịch và đặt hẹn mọi lúc mọi nơi ngay trên ứng dụng.

Bài viết này được viết cho người đọc tại Sài Gòn, Hà Nội, Hồ Chí Minh, Phú Quốc, Nha Trang, Hạ Long, Hải Phòng, Đà Nẵng.

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