Identifying Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome

Cyclic vomiting syndrome usually begins with persistent nausea, followed by severe vomiting for hours to days. Diseases cause a lot of discomfort and greatly affect the daily life of sufferers because of their cyclical nature. So how to recognize the syndrome and have an appropriate treatment plan as well as avoid dangerous complications?

1. What is cyclic vomiting syndrome?

Cyclic vomiting syndrome was previously known to be a disease of children, but now almost everyone is at risk of this condition. This disease is characterized by prolonged episodes of nausea and severe vomiting from a few hours to several days, alternating with periods when the patient has no symptoms.
The age of cyclic vomiting syndrome is usually between 3-7 years old, but this condition still occurs in children younger than 3 years old and adults. In which, the proportion of women infected with the disease accounted for 53% and the rate of men was 47%.
There are many causes that scientists think are closely related to cyclic vomiting syndrome such as migraine, stress or the patient is in a state of excitement.
In addition, a few causes as follows will also cause cyclic vomiting syndrome:
Patient has an infection Children are under emotional stress, excited for some reason In adults anxiety, Panic can cause syndrome The patient has a number of medical conditions such as colds, allergies, sinusitis ... Eat chocolate, cheese or eat too much before going to bed The weather is too hot without cooling down. Timely Menstruation, motion sickness...
Viêm xoang
Người bệnh mắc bệnh lý như viêm xoang có thể gây ra hội chứng nôn ói chu kỳ

2. Four stages of cyclic vomiting syndrome

Cyclic vomiting syndrome is divided into four stages including:
Stage 1: Asymptomatic interval is the time when there is no phenomenon between two episodes of vomiting Stage 2: Pre-symptomatic phase, Patients begin to have some symptoms such as vomiting, possibly accompanied by abdominal pain. This will last from a few minutes to a few hours. Patients can take medication to stop severe vomiting symptoms later on. However, patients are not always aware of their own condition, especially many people immediately after waking up with sudden vomiting. Stage 3: This is the stage of severe vomiting, the patient may vomit right after eating, even after using the drug, it does not get better. Patients during this time are often pale, or feel dizzy and exhausted. Stage 4: This is the recovery stage, the nausea and vomiting gradually disappear, the patient's health gradually recovers, feels hungry and the face gradually becomes rosy.

3. How to recognize cyclic vomiting syndrome?

Cyclic vomiting syndrome is quite difficult to recognize because many people will mistake it for other diseases. However, if you experience the following symptoms and persist for three months with the earliest onset being within six months, you are likely to have cyclic vomiting syndrome:
Patient has severe vomiting many times within a day First hour, this will last about 1 week. Within 1 year, at least 3 separate episodes of vomiting occurred, between which the patient showed no signs of nausea or vomiting. In addition, the patient also had some symptoms such as abdominal pain, fever, dizziness, and diarrhea during episodes of vomiting. Besides, because the patient is vomiting continuously, dehydration will occur, causing them to experience some symptoms such as thirst, paleness, confusion...
Currently there is no specific test. To identify cyclic vomiting syndrome, most doctors diagnose this syndrome based on the presentation and medical history of the patient after ruling out the cause of vomiting due to pre-existing medical conditions. An accurate diagnosis of cyclic vomiting syndrome often takes longer, as the physician needs to be able to determine the repeatability of symptoms in cyclic vomiting.
Đau bụng sau hút thai
Người bệnh mắc hội chứng nôn ói chu kỳ có thể kèm theo đau bụng

4. How to prevent cyclic vomiting syndrome from occurring?

To prevent cyclic vomiting syndrome from occurring, people should pay attention to the following:
Limit stress by smiling more every day, doing sports, exercising, and practicing good habits scientific life. Learn to control anxiety and panic attacks, learn to accept the real facts that happen in life. If you have a number of diseases such as bacterial infections, colds, allergies, sinusitis, etc., you should coordinate with your doctor. Before going to bed, you should avoid eating too much. When the summer comes, it is necessary to take measures to combat heat and minimize the factors that can trigger the disease. If you have motion sickness, you should take anti-sickness medicine before departure. It is best when there are signs of cyclic vomiting syndrome, the patient should see a doctor for examination and timely intervention. Avoiding long-term disease can turn bad and difficult in the treatment process.
Vinmec International General Hospital regularly receives and handles cases related to vomiting, headaches or unusual health problems. With a team of qualified, experienced, regularly trained medical doctors, participating in medical seminars of the world's leading experts will help diagnose and treat accurately and bring results. good.

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Bài viết này được viết cho người đọc tại Sài Gòn, Hà Nội, Hồ Chí Minh, Phú Quốc, Nha Trang, Hạ Long, Hải Phòng, Đà Nẵng.

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