Signs of urinary tract infection in women during pregnancy

The article is professionally consulted by Master, Doctor Nguyen Van Thanh - Obstetrician and Gynecologist - Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology - Vinmec Ha Long International General Hospital.
Urinary tract infection is a common disease in women and especially women during pregnancy. It is estimated that each year, Vietnam has about 8.3 million people coming to the doctor for a urinary tract infection, and 1 out of every 5 women who come to the doctor has a urinary tract infection during pregnancy.

1. What is a urinary tract infection?

The urinary tract is the place where waste and urine are eliminated from the body thanks to the functioning of the kidneys. The two urethral urethras work to conduct urine to the bladder and store urine to be discharged out of the body through the urethra.
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Đường tiết niệu là nơi loại bỏ các chất thải và nước tiểu ra ngoài cơ thể
Urinary tract infections are caused by bacteria entering the urinary tract and causing an infection. Germs spread from feces in the colon to the external genitals, causing inflammation of the urethra and bladder.

2. Why are pregnant women prone to urinary tract infections?

Urinary tract infections often occur in women of childbearing age and especially pregnant women. During pregnancy, the concentration of amino acids, vitamins and other nutrients in the urine increases, creating conditions for bacteria to grow quickly.
The urinary tract of pregnant women has changes compared to normal because the uterus is often tilted to the right (especially in the last 3 months of pregnancy), this will put pressure on the right ureter and kidney, easily cause hydronephrosis and nephritis. Stagnant urine causes a decrease in consistency and there is a gradual reverse movement of the bladder-ureter, the amount of sugar in the urine increases, the urinary progesterone and estrogen increase,...
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Bệnh viêm đường tiết niệu ở nữ giới thường xảy ra khi mang thai
Changes in endocrine physiology under the influence of progesterone during pregnancy will reduce bowel and ureteral motility, making women more prone to constipation and urine stagnation, creating conditions for bacteria to cause infection. Inflammation raging
During pregnancy, if the mother has sex, there will be many potential risks of causing urinary tract infections. Bacteria near the vagina can enter the urethra during sex. Therefore, if the mother has sex during this period, she should clean the private area before and after sex.

3. The risks that occur when pregnant women have urinary tract infections

During pregnancy, women suffering from urinary tract infections can cause:
Seizures, miscarriage in the early stages of pregnancy. It can lead to premature birth, stillbirth in the uterus if not detected early and treated aggressively. In particular, UTI can also cause other complications such as: nephritis, acute pyelonephritis, perirenal abscess, sepsis, acute renal failure... Therefore, pregnant women need master and understand the signs to recognize urinary tract infections for timely treatment.
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Bệnh viêm đường tiết niệu có thể ảnh hưởng xấu đến thai kỳ

4. 5 signs to recognize urinary tract infections in pregnant women

The initial symptoms of UTIs are often unclear and easily confused with signs of pregnancy
When UTIs are present, women often have uncomfortable symptoms such as:
Burning pain or heat Burning when urinating Feeling of frequent urination but very little urine each time Urine smelly, sometimes bloody Back pain, abdominal pain and pelvic pain Tremors, chills, fever or sweat

5. How to prevent and treat urinary tract infections in pregnant women

Pregnant women should have regular antenatal check-ups and urine tests when there are abnormal signs. Urinary tract infections, when diagnosed early and actively treated in time, can avoid bad complications that are dangerous for both mother and baby.
Currently, at Vinmec International General Hospital, there is a program called "MAYROLOGY PACKAGE", including prenatal care, prenatal care and postpartum care. With a team of leading, experienced and highly specialized doctors, the world's most advanced equipment system and comprehensive professional cooperation with the most prestigious hospitals in Vietnam and other developed countries. Development: Singapore, USA, Japan... Vinmec International General Hospital is the perfect address for mothers to completely trust and give their trust. Regular check-ups and tests along with accurate diagnoses will help mothers detect abnormalities early and have a thorough treatment.

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Bài viết này được viết cho người đọc tại Sài Gòn, Hà Nội, Hồ Chí Minh, Phú Quốc, Nha Trang, Hạ Long, Hải Phòng, Đà Nẵng.

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